The Effect of Cold Polymer Gel Pack Compression on Postpartum Perineal Pain

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นริชชญา หาดแก้ว
ปราณี ธีรโสภณ, Ph.D.

Abstract

This clinical trial research aimed to study the effect of cold polymer gel pack compression on perineal pain in postpartum period. The study was conducted with 44 postpartum mothers with 2nd degree perineal tear who gave birth at Ban Kruat Hospital, Buriram Province. A block randomization method was used to select 22 participants to be in the experimental group to receive the cold compression on perineum by using polymer gel pack together with usual nursing care. Another group of 22 participants was in the control group using polymer gel pack which was not cold to compress on perineum. The research tools were composed of a polymer gel pack, a handbook of cold polymer gel pack compression, a questionnaire of demographic and labor data, and the numerical rating scales for perineal pain measurement with the reliability of .86. The perineal pain was assessed for 5 times: before the compression, immediately after receiving the compression, 30 minutes after the compression, 1 hour and 2 hours after the compression, respectively. The intervention was implemented and the data were collected from October 2014 to January 2015. Statistics used for data analysis included frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, paired


t-test, and independent t-test.


The study was revealed as follows:


  1. 1. The average perineal pain scores of the group receiving the cold compression after receiving the compression immediately, 30 minutes after the compression, 1 hour and 2 hours after the compression, were less than those of before receiving the compression statistically significant (t = 7.492, p < .001; t = 5.159, p < .001; t = 4.365, p < .001, and t = 5.159, p < .001, respectively).

  1. The average perineal pain scores of the group receiving the cold compression after receiving the compression immediately, 30 minutes after the compression, 1 hour and 2 hours after the compression, were less than those of the group using polymer gel pack which was not cold statistically significant (t = 3.200, p < .01; t = 2.317, p < .05; t = 1.806, p < .05, and t = 2.304, p < .05, respectively).

This study suggested that cold polymer gel pack compression should be used to relive perineal pain in postpartum mothers.

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How to Cite
หาดแก้ว น., & ธีรโสภณ ป. (2018). The Effect of Cold Polymer Gel Pack Compression on Postpartum Perineal Pain. JOURNAL OF PHRAPOKKLAO NURSING COLLEGE, 26(Suppl. 1), 1–13. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/pnc/article/view/116903
Section
Research Report (รายงานการวิจัย)