Influence of manila palm (Veitchia merrillii Becc.) powder on production performance, feed intake and hematology in beef cattle

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Thawatchai Pimcho
Thitima Norrapoke
Tanitpan Phongchongmit
Nukoon Kanchan
Worames Poosamart

Abstract

Objective: To study the level of manila palm (Veitchia merrillii Becc.) on production performance, feed intake and hematology in beef cattles.


Materials and methods: Five female brahman crossbred beef cattle, aged 1-2 years, mean weight 240±40 kg, were plotted in a 5x5 Latin square design experiment to compare 5 herbs formulation of manila palm powder supplement. Control group received concentrate diet curde protein (CP) 16 % (no manila palm powder was given). Treatment 2 received 1 ml of Ivermactin deworming per 50 kg weight of cattle. Treatment 3, 4 and 5 were supplemented with manila palm powder 1%, 3% and 5% of concentrate, respectively.


Results: Beef cattle fed all 5 treatments found that feed conversion ratio (FCR), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and hematocrit (Hct) were not statistically different (P>0.05), while beef cattle fed with treatment 5 were highly voluntary feed intake when calculated in percentage of body weight and gram/metabolic weight. In addition, the average daily gain/head/day beef cattle fed with manila palm (Veitchia merrillii Becc.)  powder and Ivermactin were higher than the control group (P<0.05).


Conclusion: Manila palm powder can improve production performance, voluntary feed intake. The supplement by manila palm powder can be used up to 5% of concentrate in beef cattle, and improve voluntary feed intake, FCR and average daily gain/head/day.


Keywords: manila palm powder, production performance, beef cattle

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