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Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding antibiotic use among dairy farmers, compare the average scores and relationship of knowledge, attitude and practice with general information, including correlation between knowledge, attitude and practice. In order to provide information for promoting the rational antibiotic use in dairy cattle.
Materials and Methods: Interviews were used to collect data from a total of 254 dairy farmers in Kamphaeng Saen district, Nakhon Pathom province between October and December 2020 by questionnaires. Data analysis were performed descriptive statistics with percentage, average score, standard deviation and analyzed by T-test, F-test, Scheffe, Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman’s rho and Pearson correlation using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS).
Results: The respondents had a good level of knowledge, moderate attitudes and moderate practices on antibiotic use with the percentage of each topic was 57.09, 66.54 and 91.73, respectively. Comparison of knowledge, attitude and practice on antibiotic use with general information showed that the average score of knowledge 7.22±1.20 of dairy farmers younger 21 years old was significantly lower than that of the age group of 21-30, 31-40 and 51-60 years old, which had average score of knowledge 9.35±1.54, 9.01±1.69 and 8.96±1.53, respectively. While the relationship of knowledge, attitudes and practices were not associated with general information factors. Overall, the correlation of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding antibiotic use of dairy farmers was found negligible, between knowledge and attitudes was negative correlation (r= -0.005) while knowledge and practices (r= 0.040), attitudes and practices (r= 0.098) were observed positive correlation.
Conclusion: More than half of the respondents had a good level of knowledge but moderate attitudes and practices regarding antibiotics use. A group of aged younger 21 years old had lower average score of knowledge than the older groups. Knowledge, attitudes and practices did not found associate with general information factors. The correlation between knowledge, attitudes and practices toward antibiotic use was observed negligible.
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