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The two-group posttest-only randomized experiment with repeated measures aimed to compare functional capacity and serum visceral proteins between a person-centred care program and usual care on the day before surgery and postoperative days 1 and 4 among lung cancer patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery at a university hospital. 70 patients were selected by simple random sampling and equally assigned to the control and experimental groups. The research instruments were the Demographic Form, the Nutrition Risk Screening-2002, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Person-Centred Care Program. The content validity index was .83 – 1.00. The functional capacity was assessed by a 6-minute walk distance, and the serum prealbumin level was assessed by serum visceral proteins. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, repeated-measures MANCOVA, ANCOVA, and the Mann-Whitney U test.
The results revealed that the mean score of the 6-minute walking distance and serum prealbumin level among the experimental group was significantly greater than the control group (F(1,66) = 30.432, p-value = .000, 2 = .316, F(1,66) = 15.388, p-value = .000, 2 = .189, respectively). In conclusion, nurses should use person-centred care as a guideline to focus on assessing patients’ needs and improving postoperative recovery.
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