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The aim of this quasi-experimental study was to examine the effect of capacity building for family volunteers in caring for the dependency. The 56 participants were selected from family volunteers in Sikhoraphum District, Surin Province. The experimental group (n = 27) received the program that was based on Bandura’s Self-Efficacy Theory, consisting the group lecture, demonstration teaching and skills training, shared experiences and express feelings, listening to stories about experience in dependency care from the modelled family volunteers and paying home visit to dependent persons in the communities and demonstrating from the modelled family volunteers so as to see actual situations. Every time, the researcher recommended, admired, and encouraged the research participants occasionally during the activities were organized. This study was design for pre-test, post-test on a 2-week timeline and follows up at week 4. Data were collected by the researcher using self-administered questionnaires for knowledge, efficacy believe, outcome expectancies, and skills, with their reliabilities of .69, .90, and .91 respectively. The data were analyzed by the Chi-Square test, Independent t-test, and Bonferroni.
The results revealed that mean scores of knowledge in the experimental group at 2 weeks were significantly higher than before the intervention, and those in the comparison group (p-value < .05). The mean scores in efficacy beliefs and skills of dependency care during a follow-up period at week 4 was significantly higher than before the intervention, and those in the comparison group (p-value < .05). The mean scores in knowledge of dependency care and outcome expectancy during a follow-up period at week 4 was significantly higher than the comparison group (p-value < .05). The program could be applied to promote efficacy beliefs among family volunteers for effective dependency care. A further study should examine the long-term effects of outcome expectancy among family volunteers in dependency care.
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