Construction and Validation of Smoking Prevention Behavior Scale of Adolescence

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Charin Suwanwong
Saran Pimthong


          The descriptive survey research aimed to construct and validate the Smoking Prevention Behavior scale by using an exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The samples were 516 upper secondary school students who were studying in public schools in Satun province which selected by multi-stage random sampling. The research instrument was the Smoking Prevention Behavior scale which had Cronbach’s alpha internal consistency (α = 0.96). Descriptive statistics, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were used for data analysis.

          The findings were as follows; 1) the Smoking Prevention Behavior scale was constructed by literature reviews with students and teachers’ interview to comprehend the smoking situations among adolescents, 2) the exploratory factor analysis indicated that the Smoking Prevention Behavior scale was comprised of two factors: avoiding temptation to smoke and self-management to smoke, and 3) the confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the Smoking Prevention Behavior model was acceptable fitted to the empirical data and also the 2-factors model was confirmed (χ2 = 19.33, df = 19, CFI = 1.00, GFI = 0.98, TLI = 1.00, RMSEA = 0.01). The Smoking Prevention Behavior scale had good psychometric properties in terms of reliability and validity; and also had cover the psychosocial prevention approach in smoking prevention. It can be used to assess smoking prevention behavior in adolescents.

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How to Cite
Suwanwong, C., & Pimthong, S. (2020). Construction and Validation of Smoking Prevention Behavior Scale of Adolescence. Kuakarun Journal of Nursing, 27(1), 46–58. Retrieved from
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