The Effect of Hydrotherapy on Improving of Balance and Gait in Individuals with Chronic Stroke patients: A review articles


  • Supreeya Apijaraskul
  • Fuengfa Khobkhun


Hydrotherapy, Balance, Chronic stroke, Gait


Hydrotherapy is one of a physiotherapy for individuals with stroke. The principle of hydrotherapy is the use of water characteristics (such as hydrostatic pressure, cohesion, and viscosity) in order to gain and apply therapeutic effects to improve movement and impairment in patients. It has been reported that hydrotherapy helps patients to perform basic exercises in the water and develop through activities that would otherwise be challenging on land-based exercise. Studies focusing on the effects of hydrotherapy can be improved the impairments and functional activities in individuals with chronic stroke such as, increasing in muscle strength, improving of balance, increasing weight distribution during standing and walking, and increasing speed of walking. In addition, hydrotherapy also improves in quality of life in individuals with stroke. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to identify the effects of hydrotherapy techniques that have been used to improve balance and gait, as well as to summarize the findings in individuals with chronic stroke. Further, this review can be used as a preliminary information for physiotherapist who need to applied hydrotherapy as a treatment in individuals with chronic stroke.


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How to Cite

Apijaraskul S, Khobkhun F. The Effect of Hydrotherapy on Improving of Balance and Gait in Individuals with Chronic Stroke patients: A review articles. J Thai Stroke Soc [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 8 [cited 2024 Jun. 20];21(2):44. Available from:



Review article