Development of “Serng Kra Tib Dancing” exercise model to health status of elderly


  • Thanumporn Thonglong Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Science, Udon Thani Rajabhat University
  • Thanumporn Thonglong Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Science, Udon Thani Rajabhat University
  • Piangpen Bussamongkhon Department of Pediatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Udon Thani Rajabhat University


exercise, Kratib dance, health status, elderly people


Currently, Thailand is facing an increase in the elderly population, a period in which the body deteriorates and physical fitness declines in general. However, increased physical fitness is a way to help slow down such deterioration. Kratib dance exercise is a form of exercise which is suitable for the elderly. Therefore, the objective of this research is to develop and to study the effects of a pattern of exercise with Serng Kratib dancing to promote the health status of elderly people. There were two phases in this research process: Phase 1: the model development phase. The sample consisted of 30 elderly female volunteers from Sam Phrao Village, in the Sam Phrao sub district of the Mueang district in Udon Thani province. The age range of the participants was between 60 to 75 years of age. The purposive selection into two groups, the experimental group and the control group, with 15 people in each. Then, the following process was used: (1) to study the concept of promoting physical fitness among the elderly; (2) to synthesize and summarize the results of the poses of the Kratib dance suitable for the elderly; (3) to develop an exercise course; and (4) to test the validity of the content from 5 experts. The IOC was = 1.0 In phase 2: the evaluation phase, the participants were trained with a 50-minute exercise program of squatting exercises, for three days a week for a total of eight weeks and then their health status was assessed (cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL, LDL blood sugar, resting heart rate and blood pressure) in the pre-training and post-training periods. The statistical analysis was performed using a t-test. The results revealed that it was found that the most of parameters of health status after eight weeks of training had a statistically significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) when compared to before training, except for HDL. When comparing the experimental and control groups, it was found that their health status after the experiment was significantly different at a level of 0.05, except for their diastolic blood pressure and LDL. Therefore, it can be concluded that exercising using an eight-week dance exercise program is an alternative exercise that can promote health status of elderly people.


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Original Article (บทความวิจัย)