National evaluation on implementation of chronic kidney disease clinics, under policy of Ministry of Public Health


  • Sasitorn Taptagaporn
  • Sirima Mongkolsomlit
  • Teeraphun Kaewdok
  • Supang Wattanasoep
  • Nitchamon Rakkapao
  • Sayambhu Saita
  • Jirapat Longkul


chronic kidney disease clinic, Ministry of Public Health’s policy, evaluation, multi-disciplinary, chronic disease


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is currently one of the most considerable public health issues in Thailand. The Ministry of Public Health has set the service plan and implemented the policy for the CKD prevention and promoting health to reduce the risk of this disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of the implementation of the Chronic Kidney Disease Clinic Policy under the Ministry of Public Health, Thailand. CIPP model was used as a guideline with the quantitative and qualitative study. The data was collected at 140 hospitals from 12 regional health Thailand with seventeen public health executives at the ministry level, 196 hospital administrators, 133 key practitioners, and 272 patients or their relatives by in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. 70.71% of the hospitals was established the CKD clinic by following the policy of the Ministry of Public Health and 22.14% by the hospital policy. 7.14% was not established the clinic because of the restrictions on place and budget. 82.31% of the hospitals that established CKD clinics have separated their own clinic from other services. 44.62% of the total have clarified the direction of the policy, target, and action plan. 14.62% evaluated communication and applied to improve communication to be more efficient. More than half of the hospitals (63.21%) reported that the supporting budget for CKD clinic was insufficient, and the funding was from their own operating budgets and National Health Security Office. In terms of human resource, 58.46% was operated by a multidisciplinary team including physician, nurse, pharmacist physical therapist, and nutritionist or Dietitians. However, 20.77% of hospital did not have the nutritionist. In addition, almost all of the hospital (95.38%) had implemented and maintained CKD patient databases, but only 42.31% of these contained all recommended clinical measures. However, most of those patient data were not analyzed for monitoring and tracking the progression due to the workload of the health professional. The use of data was mainly aimed at responding to report CKD’s key performance index to the Ministry of Public Health. The clinical outcome showed that eGFR of the CKD patients in the clinic increased more than 20%


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Original Article (บทความวิจัย)