Overview of the Reporting Sources of Developmentallydelayed Children in Taiwan Between 2011 and 2012

Main Article Content

Chun-Wei Kang
Jiun-Yih Lee
Su-Hsien Lin
Sung-Hui Tseng

Abstract

Early Intervention (EI) services, as defined in
The Bye-laws of Children and Youth Welfare Law,
provided for 1.2 % of the nation’s infants, toddlers
and preschool children between 2011 and 2012;
however, the proportion was higher in some
counties or cities and lower in others. In order
to elucidate factors that may influence reporting
rates, we analyzed the reporting sources from
23 counties/cities between 2011 and 2012. We
analyzed registry data of newly reported cases
between 2011 and 2012, published by the
Department of Statistics, Ministry of Interior of
Taiwan. The reporting sources were categorized
into eight types, and the percentage of cases
reported by each source was calculated. The
statistical relationship between these variables
and the reporting rates were analyzed with
suitable methods. P value < 0.05 was regarded as
statistically significant. The estimated 2-year average
reporting rate of new cases was 11.97‰. The
reporting rate was significantly higher among
children living in counties compared with children
living in cities (P = 0.0007). The reporting rate was
also significantly higher among children living in
low urbanized areas as compared with children
living in highly urbanized areas (P = 0.0067). The
proportion of medical organization reported
cases was the highest of all the reporting sources
(39.99%). Higher reporting rates from householders,
guardians and health centers positively affected
the total reporting rates (P = 0.0499 and P=0.0151,
respectively).
In conclusion our study shows that many
sources contribute to the notification of children at
risk or with developmental delay, with implications
for regular surveillance and screening children
development by people involved with them.
Incorporating more efficient developmental
screening tools, including parent-concerned based
screening questionnaires during health screening,
with additional staff to do the screening, may
increase the proportion of children with possible
developmental delay being notified.

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How to Cite
Kang, C.-W., Lee, J.-Y., Lin, S.-H., & Tseng, S.-H. (2016). Overview of the Reporting Sources of Developmentallydelayed Children in Taiwan Between 2011 and 2012. International Journal of Child Development and Mental Health, 4(1), 17–27. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/cdmh/article/view/64261
Section
Original Articles
Author Biography

Chun-Wei Kang, 1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taipei Medical University Hospital, 252 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei City 11031, Taiwan 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, Taipei City 11031, Taiwan *Corresponding Author: Sung-Hui Tseng, M.D., Ph.D.

M.D , Ph.D.