Keywords:calf, thigh, hip fracture, elderly, fall
Objectives: To compare calf and thigh circumferences between elderly people with hip fracture due to fall and other causes.
Study design: Cross-sectional study.
Setting: King Mongkut Memorial Hospital, Phetchaburi Province, Phetchaburi, Thailand.
Subjects: One hundred and sixty 60 years old or older elderly people with hip fracture: 116 due to fall and 44 due to other causes.
Methods: Measuring calf and thigh circumferences on the opposite side of the fracture in elderly people with hip fracture, comparing between fall and other causes groups.
Results: Calf and thigh circumferences were significantly different between the two groups of elderly people with hip fracture. The group of hip fracture due to fall had smaller calves and thighs when compared with the group with hip fracture due to other causes. (28.43 cm vs 31.54 cm, p=0.014, 40.07 cm vs 41.50 cm, p=0.026, respectively).
Conclusion: Elderly people with hip fracture due to fall had smaller calf and thigh circumferences than those with hip fracture due to the other causes. This may be due to lower muscle volume and strength of the lower extremities.
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