Keywords:cardiac rehabilitation, Quality of life, SF-36
Objectives: To evaluate the effects of group therapy in cardiac rehabilitation program on quality of life (QOL) and functional status in open heart surgery patients.
Study design: Prospective study.
Setting: Cardiac Rehabilitation unit, Rehabilitation Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University.
Subjects: Low and moderate risk group of patients who plan to received open heart surgery for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and/or heart valve surgery underwent cardiac rehabilitation program from May, 2014 to February, 2016
Methods: The patients received a group-cardiac rehabilitation program from preoperative time to postoperative time. Then, their QOL was assessed before surgery and at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery with the short form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire.
Results: Forty-eight patients with mean age (standard deviation) of 63.17 (10.06) years were recruited. For QOL mean (standard deviation) of SF-36 total score before surgery, and at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery were 54.57 (17.06), 53.69 (15.37), 63.78 (16.40) and 69.50 (17.05), respectively. The SF-36 total score was significantly increased at 3 months after surgery with the mean difference between before surgery and at 3 months after surgery of 9.20 (95% CI = 4.32, 14.08).
Conclusion: Low to moderate risk group of open heart surgery patients who received group-cardiac rehabilitation program had better quality of life at 3 months after surgery..
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