Participatory Action Research in the Modification Consumption Behavior Raw Fish among Risk Persons of Opisthorchis Viverrini at Bueng Ngam Subdistrict, Thung Khao Luang District, Roi-Et Province
Keywords:Risk persons of Opisthorchis, Viverrini, Knowledge, Attitude, Self-efficacy of raw fish consumption, Behavior of raw fish consumption
This Participatory Action Research aimed to 1) study the situation of raw fish consumption behavior 2) create a process to participate in the modification of raw fish consumption behavior and 3) study the effect of the participation process modification of raw fish consumption behavior in the community. The total sample were 88 cases, which was composed of the participatory action research group (n = 33) and the participants of the program which were the liver fluke disease risk group (n = 55). The instruments consisted of 2 parts: 1) the experimental instrument was the raw fish consumption behavior modification program. 2) questionnaires used to collect the data are the following : personal data, knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, prevention behavior of raw fish consumption. The reliability of the questionnaires were knowledge questionnaire 0.86, attitude questionnaire 0.73, self-efficacy questionnaire 0.75, prevention behavior of raw fish consumption questionnaire 0.74.Descriptive statistics have been used in data analysis, such as percentage, mean, standard deviation, and paired t-test statistical significance at .05. The results showed that the people in the community still eat raw fish as a result of their occupation of sellingfish and traditional raw fish consumption which was the risk factors for the liver fluke and cholangiocarcinoma. After the meeting by using the AIC technique, the raw fish consumption behavior modification program was implemented and then the risk of 55 cases who participated in this program were collected. The program contained education activities,attitude building activities, strengthening activities, and self-efficacyof raw fishby applying the theory of Bandura.The statistics showed average score of knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, and behavior of raw fish consumption that were significantly higher than beforethe program (p < .001) We suggestion that the modification program of raw fish consumption should be applied in similar communities.
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