Thoughts, Beliefs and Contexts Regarding Tooth-Brushing and Oral Care of Toddlers: Case Studies from 3 Regions of Thailand

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Piyachat Patcharanuchat
Jaranya Hunsrisakhun
Thanida Pothidee
Achara Watanapa
Wilaiporn Sutanchaiyanonta
Patumpan Promsinchai

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate thoughts, beliefs, and contexts regarding tooth-brushing and oral care of toddlers from 3 regions of Thailand. The qualitative research was employed, data gathering by focus group discussions among 20 groups 96 caregivers, and through in-depth interviews and observation for 42 persons. Key informants were caregivers of toddlers aged 9-24 months from 5 sites of 3 regions in Thailand: North, North-eastern and Southern of Thailand.  Data collection was conducted during December 2017-June 2018.  The results showed that the main factors were the caregivers' internal factors, including their thoughts and beliefs about the importance of brushing teeth for beautiful white teeth, their understanding and concerns about toothpaste use in young children, their learning through experience, and caregiver’s characteristics themselves. Children's factors included being docile, whereas family factors were support or prohibition from family members, as well as serving as a role model. In addition, learning to brush teeth from health personnel at the appropriate time and in a manner compatible with caregivers’ lives was also critical. It was suggested that caregivers should be empowered their understanding and abilities in toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste as well as emotional and child management skills. Additionally, it is crucial to strengthen families and communities to better understand and foster caregivers in providing oral health care to children.

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1.
Patcharanuchat P, Hunsrisakhun J, Pothidee T, Watanapa A, Sutanchaiyanonta W, Promsinchai P. Thoughts, Beliefs and Contexts Regarding Tooth-Brushing and Oral Care of Toddlers: Case Studies from 3 Regions of Thailand. Khon Kaen Dent J [Internet]. 2022 Jul. 11 [cited 2022 Oct. 5];25(2):60-7. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/KDJ/article/view/249848
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Research Articles
Author Biographies

Thanida Pothidee , Department of Community Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Naresuan University

 

 

Wilaiporn Sutanchaiyanonta, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Khon Kaen University.

Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Khon Kaen University

Patumpan Promsinchai, Department of Dental Public Health, Wang Thong Hospital, Amphur Wang Thong, Phitsanulok

 

 

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