Oral Health Situation and Smoking of Novices in the General Education Section of Phrapariyattidhamma Schools in the Border Districts, Chiang Mai Province

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Orapan Chanthra
Songvuth Tuongratanaphan
Areerat Nirunsittirat


Scrutinization and oversight of oral health conditions amongst members of the Buddhist novitiate has been neglected. The goal of this research was to investigate the status of oral health and smoking behaviours of members of the novitiate at Phrapariyattidhamma School, in the border district of Chiang Mai Province. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study, conducted between September 2019 and September 2020. This study consisted of quantitative study involving 303 novices, ages 12-20 years. Data concerning dental caries and periodontal conditions was gathered via an oral health examination. Smoking behavior data was gathered via questionnaire. The data was analyzed within the parameters of descriptive statistical method, employing percentage, mean and standard deviation. Qualitative method was consisting of both observation and in-depth interviews with 16 novices and 1 teacher about smoking behaviour and socio-cultural context of novices.  Results showed that the DMFT mean was 3.7±3.2, the gingival index mean was 1.5±0.3 and the simplified oral hygiene index came in at 2.8±1.2. While 16.8% of the novices were still smokers and 22.4 % had had a history of smoking. These percentages displayed the higher range, compared with 15-year-old children from 8th Thailand National Oral Health Survey. Therefore, we considered smoking to be a very important problem in oral health situation.  Using qualitative data-collection methods on smoking, we discovered that social structure, social control, socio-cultural, environment and attitude of novices was important to smoking behaviour of novices. In summary, incessant smoking was an important contributor to the problems of oral health amongst the novitiate. Thus, it is urgent that a resolution of the problems need to be considered.


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Chanthra O, Tuongratanaphan S, Nirunsittirat A. Oral Health Situation and Smoking of Novices in the General Education Section of Phrapariyattidhamma Schools in the Border Districts, Chiang Mai Province. Khon Kaen Dent J [Internet]. 2022 Jul. 11 [cited 2022 Oct. 5];25(2):50-9. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/KDJ/article/view/248884
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