Effect of Brushing on Surface Roughness and Surface Free Energy of PMMA Provisional Restoration Materials

Main Article Content

Chanachon Wachangngoen
Putsadeeporn Thammajaruk
Supanee Buranadham

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of brushing on surface roughness (Ra) and surface free energy (SFE) of 3 PMMA provisional crown materials. Twenty specimens each were prepared from self-cured, heat-cured, and CAD-CAM materials. Each material group was randomly divided into 2 groups of 10 to receive brushing with either distilled water or toothpaste, using a brushing machine. Measurements of Ra and SFE were performed prior to, and after being brushed for 720 and 1440 cycles, respectively. It was found that Ra and SFE of all materials were not different prior to brushing. Brushing with distilled water had no significant effect on both Ra and SFE in all materials. Self-cured PMMA developed significantly higher Ra than the others when brushed with toothpaste for 720 and 1440 cycles. In addition, self-cured PMMA developed significantly higher SFE than CAD-CAM PMMA when brushed with toothpaste for 1440 cycles.  On the other hand, brushing with toothpaste up to 1440 cycles did not have any effect on both Ra and SFE of CAD-CAM PMMA. There was some positive correlation between Ra and SFE in self-cured and heat-cured but none in CAD-CAM group. In conclusion, after being brushed with toothpaste for 1440 cycles, self-cured PMMA developed significantly higher Ra and SFE than the others while there were no significant changes of both values in CAD-CAM PMMA. There was some positive correlation between Ra and SFE in self-cured and heat-cured groups.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Wachangngoen C, Thammajaruk P, Buranadham S. Effect of Brushing on Surface Roughness and Surface Free Energy of PMMA Provisional Restoration Materials. Khon Kaen Dent J [Internet]. 2022 Jul. 11 [cited 2022 Oct. 5];25(2):28-37. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/KDJ/article/view/248098
Section
Research Articles
Share |

References

Burns DR, Beck DA, Nelson SK. A review of selected dental literature on contemporary provisional fixed prosthodontic treatment: report of the committee on research in fixed prosthodontics of the academy of fixed prosthodontics. J Prosthet Dent 2003;90(5):474-97.

Christensen GJ. The fastest and best provisional restorations. J Am Dent Assoc 2003;134(5):637-9.

Gettleman L, Phoenix RD, Rawls HR. Prosthetic polymers and resins. in: Anusavice KJ, Shen C, Rawls HR, editors. Phillips' science of dental materials. 12th ed. Missouri:Saunders;2013.474-98.

Turner KA, Missirlian DM. Restoration of the extremely worn dentition. J Prosthet Dent 1984; 52:467-74.

Stawarczyk B, Özcan M, Trottmann A, Schmutz F, Roos M, Hämmerle C. Two-body wear rate of CAD/CAM resin blocks and their enamel antagonists. J Prosthet Dent 2013;109(5):325-32.

Güth JF, Almeida e Silva JS, Beuer F, Edelhoff D. Enhancing the predictability of complex rehabilitation with a removable CAD/ CAM-fabricated long-term provisional prosthesis: A clinical report. J Prosthet Dent 2012;107(1):1-6.

Alt V, Hannig M, Wostmann B, Balkenhol M. Fracture strength of temporary fixed partial dentures: CAD/CAM versus directly fabricated restorations. Dent Mater 2011;27(4):339-47.

Abdullah AO, Tsitrou EA, Pollington S. Comparative in vitro evaluation of CAD/CAM vs conventional provisional crowns. J Appl Oral Sci 2016;24(3):258-63.

Rayyan MM, Aboushelib M, Sayed NM, Ibrahim A, Jimbo R. Comparison of interim restorations fabricated by CAD/CAM with those fabricated manually. J Prosthet Dent 2015;114(3):414-9.

Yao J, Li J, Wang Y, Huang H. Comparison of the flexural strength and marginal accuracy of traditional and CAD/CAM interim materials before and after thermal cycling. J Prosthet Dent 2014; 112(3):649-57.

Haselton DR, Diaz-Arnold AM, Dawson DV. Color stability of provisional crown and fixed partial denture resins. J Prosthet Dent 2005;93(1):70-5.

Soles JO. In-Vitro beverage discoloration, stain removal and tooth-brushing abrasion of crown and bridge provisional materials. Boston (MA): Boston University;2017.

Mormann WH, Stawarczyk B, Ender A, Sener B, Attin T, Mehl A. Wear characteristics of current aesthetic dental restorative CAD/CAM materials: two-body wear, gloss retention, roughness and Martens hardness. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2013;20:113-25.

Kamonkhantikul K, Arksornnukit M, Lauvahutanon S, Takahashi H. Toothbrushing alters the surface roughness and gloss of composite resin CAD/CAM blocks. Dent Mater J 2016;35(2):225-32.

Sexson JC, Phillips RW. Studies on the effect of abrasives on acrylic resins. J Prosthet Dent 1951; 1(4):454-71.

De Oliveiraa JC, Aielloa G, Mendes B, Urban VM, Campanha NH, Jorge JH. Effect of storage in water and thermocycling on hardness and roughness of resin materials for temporary restorations. Mater Res 2010;13(3):355-9.

Morgan TD, Wilson M. The effects of surface roughness and type of denture acrylic on biofilm formation by Streptococcus oralis in a constant depth film fermentor. J Appl Microbiol 2001;91(1): 45-53.

Bollen C, Lambrechts P, Quirynen M. The surface roughness of different oral hard materials in comparison to the threshold surface roughness for bacterial plaque retention. A review of the literature. Dent Mater 1997;13:258-69.

Quirynen M, Bollen CML. The influence of surface roughness and surface-free energy on supra- and subgingival plaque formation in man. A review of the literature. J Clin Periodontol 1995;22:1-14.

Absolom DR, Lamberti FV, Policova Z, Zingg W, van Oss CJ, Neumann AW. Surface thermodynamics of bacterial adhesion. Appl Environ Microbiol 1983; 46(1):90-7.

Organization.14569-1. IS. Dental materials–Guidance on testing of wear–Part 1: Wear by tooth brushing. Switzerland: International Standards Organization; 2007.

Pisani MX, Bruhn JP, Paranhos HF, Silva-Lovato CH, de Souza RF, Panzeri H. Evaluation of the abrasiveness of dentifrices for complete dentures. J Prosthodont 2010;19(5):369-73.

Trauth KGS, Godoi APT, Colucci V, Corona SAM, Benitez Catirse ABCE. The influence of mouthrinses and simulated toothbrushing on the surface roughness of a nanofilled composite resin. Braz Oral Res 2012 26(3):209-14.

Owens DK, Wendt RC. Estimation of the surface free energy of polymers. J Appl Polym Sci 1969; 13:1741-7.

Rulison C. So you want to measure surface energy? Hamburg, Germany.: KRÜSS GmbH, 1990; Technical note: TN306e.

Harrison Z, Johnson A, Douglas C. An in vitro study into the effect of a limited range of denture cleaners on surface roughness and removal of Candida albicans from conventional heat‐cured acrylic resin denture base material. J Oral Rehabil 2004;31(5):460-7.

Harrison A. Wear of dental materials. Part 1. Modes of wear. Dent Adver 1984;39:8-11.

Oliveira LV, Mesquita MF, Henriques GE, Consani RL, Fragoso WS. Effect of polishing technique and brushing on surface roughness of acrylic resins. J Prosthodont 2008;17(4):308-11.

De Boer P, Duinkerke A, Arends J. Influence of tooth paste particle size and tooth brush stiffness on dentine abrasion in vitro. Caries Res 1985; 19(3):232-9.

Rath SK, Sharma V, Pratap CB, Chaturvedi TP. Abrasivity of dentrifices: An update. SRM J Res Dent Sci 2016;7(2):96.

Schemehorn BR, Moore MH, Putt MS. Abrasion, polishing, and stain removal characteristics of various commercial dentifrices in vitro. J Clin Dent 2011;22(1):11-8.

McCabe J, Molyvda S, Rolland S, Rusby S, Carrick T. Two-and three-body wear of dental restorative materials. Int Dent J 2002;52(S5):406-16.

Dyer D, Addy M, Newcombe R. Studies in vitro of abrasion by different manual toothbrush heads and a standard toothpaste. J Clin Periodontol 2000;27(2):99-103.

Liebermann A, Keul C, Bähr N, Edelhoff D, Eichberger M, Roos M, et al. Impact of plasma treatment of PMMA-based CAD/CAM blanks on surface properties as well as on adhesion to self-adhesive resin composite cements. Dent Mater 2013;29(9):935-44.

Bourlidi S, Qureshi J, Soo S, Petridis H. Effect of different initial finishes and Parylene coating thickness on the surface properties of coated PMMA. J Prosthet Dent 2016;115(3):363-70.

Moura JS, da Silva WJ, Pereira T, Del Bel Cury AA, Rodrigues Garcia RC. Influence of acrylic resin polymerization methods and saliva on the adherence of four Candida species. J Prosthet Dent 2006;96(3):205-11.

Koo TK, Li MY. A Guideline of selecting and reporting intraclass correlation coefficients for reliability research. J Chiropr Med 2016;15(2):155-63.

Hinkle DE, Wiersma W, Jurs SG. Correlation: a measure of relationship. J Appl Stat 1998;4:105-31.

Lampin M, Warocquier-Clérout R, Legris C, Degrange M, Sigot-Luizard M. Correlation between substratum roughness and wettability, cell adhesion, and cell migration. J Biomed Mater Res 1997;36(1):99-108.

Busscher H, Van Pelt A, De Boer P, De Jong H, Arends J. The effect of surface roughening of polymers on measured contact angles of liquids. Colloids Surf 1984;9(4):319-31.

Quirynen M, Marechal M, Busscher H, Weerkamp A, Darius P, van Steenberghe D. The influence of surface free energy and surface roughness on early plaque formation: an in vivo study in man. J Clin Periodontol 1990;17(3):138-44.

Quirynen M, Bollen CM, Papaioannou W, Van Eldere J, van Steenberghe D. The influence of titanium abutment surface roughness on plaque accumulation and gingivitis: short - term observations. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 1996; 11(2):169-78.

Bollen CM, Papaioanno W, Van Eldere J, Schepers E, Quirynen M, Van Steenberghe D. The influence of abutment surface roughness on plaque accumulation and peri-implant mucositis. Clin Oral Implants Res 1996;7(3):201-11.

Borchers L, Tavassol F, Tschernitschek H. Surface quality achieved by polishing and by varnishing of temporary crown and fixed partial denture resins. J Prosthet Dent 1999;82(5):550-6.

Hilgenberg SP, Orellana-Jimenez EE, Sepúlveda-Navarro WF, Arana-Correa BE, Alves DCT, Campanha NH. Evaluation of surface physical properties of acrylic resins for provisional prosthesis. Mater Res 2008;11(3):257-60.

Tupinamba IVM, Giampa PCC, Rocha IAR, Lima E. Effect of different polishing methods on surface roughness of provisional prosthetic materials. J Indian Prosthodont Soc 2018;18(2):96-101.

Wiegand A, Attin T. Design of erosion/abrasion studies–insights and rational concepts. Caries Res 2011;45(Suppl.1):53-9.