The Quality of Life of Cleft Lip-Cleft Palate Patients Following Alveolar Cleft Bone Grafting

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Pakawan Nualsiri
Wipada Boonprakom
Apakorn Worahan
Saowaluck Limmonthol
Araya Pisek
Supaporn Kongsomboon

Abstract

Dentofacial deformities in cleft lip and palate patients affect their quality of life in many aspects. Alveolar cleft bone grafting is a step of treatment in these patients which aims to reconstruct the continuity of alveolar bone, to provide bony support for erupting teeth and to close an oronasal communication. This study thus aimed to investigate the effect of alveolar cleft bone grafting on quality of life before and after treatment including patients’ satisfaction of the treatment service. This prospective study recruited 14 patients in an age range of 9-15 years with either unilateral or bilateral alveolar cleft at the Faculty of dentistry, Khon Kaen University during February to June 2014. Patients were interviewed using the Child Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (Child-OIDP) to compare the quality of life 2 weeks before as well as 3 months after alveolar cleft bone grafting. Our results demonstrated that an average of overall impact score of patients with cleft lip and palate at 2 weeks before alveolar bone grafting (12.5±13.7) was significantly higher than that derived from 3 months after bone grafting (2.2±6.6) (p<0.01). The speaking abilities in cleft lip and palate patients was less affected by such deformities after the surgery (p=0.03). A major cause of impact was rooted in an orofacial deformity due to cleft lip and palate. Patients’ satisfaction level of alveolar cleft bone graft was very high. This study revealed that cleft lip and palate patients had an improved quality of life i.e. speaking abilities after surgical treatment with alveolar cleft bone graft.

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1.
Nualsiri P, Boonprakom W, Worahan A, Limmonthol S, Pisek A, Kongsomboon S. The Quality of Life of Cleft Lip-Cleft Palate Patients Following Alveolar Cleft Bone Grafting. KDJ [Internet]. 2021Aug.16 [cited 2021Oct.24];24(2):82-1. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/KDJ/article/view/244259
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Research Articles

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