A STUDY OF FLOW STATE, SELF CONFIDENCE AND STATE ANXIETY ON PROFESSIONAL PLAYERS IN VOLLEYBALL THAILAND LEAGUE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between flow state, self-confidence and state anxiety in professional Thai volleyball players. Sixteen female volleyball players (age: 21.4 ± 4.7 yr; range:16 to 34 yr) currently competing in the 3BB Nakhonnon team were recruited to take part in this study. The recruited players experience varied and ranged from 1 to 4 yrs (18.75%), 5 to 8 yrs (56.25%), and >8 yrs (25%).Flow state and competitive state anxiety were assessed using a flow state scale and a competitive state anxiety inventory, respectively. . A questionnaire was administered during the volleyball season, which ran from November 2017 to March 2018, and consisted of 14 matches. Descriptive and correlational statistics were used to analyze the data (means, percentages, standard deviations, Spearman rank correlation coefficients, and ttests),with the α significance level set at .05. Descriptive analysis showed that flow state scores were highest in Match 14 (4.23 ± 0.39 , Win), with flow rate scores the lowest in Match 11 (3.41 ± 0.67, Lose). Self-confidence scores were highest in Match 14 (3.54 ± 0.48, Win), with Match 6 having the lowest score (2.85 ± 0.53, Lose).State anxiety scores were highest in Match 8 (2.17± 0.42, Lose), with the lowest score found in Match 14 (1.47± 0,39, Win).There was a moderate positive relationship between flow state and self-confidence (rs = 0.41,p<0.05). Flow state had a weak negative relationship with state anxiety (rs = -0.18, p<0.05), and self-confidence had a weak negative relationship with state anxiety (rs = -0.35, p<0.05).Flow state (p=0.01), Self-confidence (p=0.00) and State anxiety (p=0.04) between winning matches and losing matches have significant difference at .05 level
In conclusion, flow state, self-confidence and anxiety in female volleyball players were related to performance outcomes during competition. Therefore, coaches and players should be aware of these associations and strive to build flow state and self-confidence and control levels of anxiety.
(Journal of Sports Science and Technology 2019; 19(2): 32-45)
(Received: 21 May 2019, Revised: 22 May 2019, Accepted: 25 May 2019)
Keywords: Flow State/ Self Confidence/ State Anxiety/ Volleyball Professional Players
*Corresponding Author: Wimonmas PRACHAKUL
Department of Sport Science and Health, Faculty of Sport Science
Kasetsart University, Kamphaengsaen Campus, Nakonprathom, THAILAND 73140
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