The effects of health education process that enhance health literacy for obesity prevention among the early adolescents in private schools, Wiang Sub-district, Fang District, Chiang Mai Province
Keywords:Health literacy, Obesity, Early adolescent, Health education
This quasi-experimental research aimed to study the effect of health education processes to enhance health literacy in the prevention of obesity among early adolescents in a private school. The participants were 60 students from the Office of the Private Education Commission, Fang District, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The study subjects were divided equally into experimental and control groups. The experimental group obtained a health education process to enhance health literacy in the prevention of obesity among early adolescents for 5 sessions, 50 minutes each time, with a period of 2 weeks. The control group obtained health education following the usual guidelines of the Bureau of Nutrition. The data collecting tool was the measure of the health education process for enhancing health literacy in the prevention of obesity, which was applied before and after the experiment including in the follow-up period.
The results were analyzed using the Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) and repeated measures MANOVA. The results showed that: 1) The experimental group, after attending the health education process, at the post and follow up period, had higher levels of average health literacy scores in the prevention and control of obesity, and eating behavior as well as physical activity than the control group, with a statistical significance of 0.05. 2) The level of health literacy in the prevention of obesity and eating behavior as well as physical activity in the early adolescents in the experimental group, at the post and follow up periods, were higher than that of the pretest, with a statistical significance of 0.05
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