Efficacy of Activities of Daily Living Skill Training Using Motessori-Based Activties in Elderly with Early Stage Dementia

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Kanokpan Kannasoot
Raviwan Nivatapan
Kamkeo Kraisoraphong


Objective: To compare ADL scores of elderly with early stage dementia who had attended Activities of Daily Living (ADL) skill training using Montessori-based activities with those who
had not.
Method: A quasi experimental study was conducted with Solomon Four Groups design experiment. The subjects consisted of 32 elderly living in Bang-Lamung senior home aged from 63-94 who met the inclusion criteria. They were diviecl into 2 qroups with 16 participants in each group then subgroup of 8 participants were selected to receive intervention and the controls were not. The screening instruments include mini mental status exam (MMSE-T2002) and
Thai Geriatric Depression Scale (TGDS). Activities of Daily Living (ADL) scores of each subject were measured against Chula ADL index. The post test score was measured at the end of the
4th week, then the intervention was decreased and the follow-ups were measured at the end of the 8th and the 12th week. The data obtained was analyzed for descriptive statistics and the
average ADL scores were compared by means of t-test and ANOVA.
Results: The results showed that the average ADL pre-test scores of both groups were indifferent. The experimental groups average ADL scores of the post-test increased by 0.62 and the first follow up increased by 0.25 which are statistically significant at the level of p<0.05.
Conclusion: Activities of Daily Living training using Montessori-based activities is effective in increasing ADL scores. It is recommended to be used as the activities for elderly with early stage dementia.


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How to Cite
Kannasoot, K., Nivatapan, R., & Kraisoraphong, K. (2013). Efficacy of Activities of Daily Living Skill Training Using Motessori-Based Activties in Elderly with Early Stage Dementia. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 54(3), 241–250. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JPAT/article/view/7663
Original Articles
Author Biographies

Kanokpan Kannasoot, Master of Science in Mental Health Faculty of Medicine Chulalongkorn University

Raviwan Nivatapan, Assistant professor Department of Psychiatry Faculty of Medicine Chulalongkorn University

Kamkeo Kraisoraphong, Montessori philosophy expert (Teacher training certificate from London Montessori Centre)Kornkaew Montessori School (Since 1984) 124 Ranong1 Rama5 Road, Dusit, Bangkok 10300 Thailand