Visual-Motor Integration of Primary School Children in Bangkok

Main Article Content

Thitima Pattanapotikul
Supachoke Singhakant
Sucheera Phattharayuttawat


Objective :


To study visual-motor integration (VMI) among primary school children in



Methods :


We applied the Beery VMI 6th

full form, and compared the results with the

American norm. The research also explored variation differences in gender and age,


including assessing the limits in applying the test on Thai students. The sampling group


included 520 students in primary school, ranging in age between 6 and 12 years 11




Results :


Compared to the American norm using the VMI, around two-thirds of the

participants (67.31%) had the same ability whereas 21.72% did better, and 10.96% did


worse. While the VMI appeared to increase with age; students between 6 and 11 had a


higher score, whereas those beetween 11 and 13 tended to have a lower one. There


was no difference in the VMI score between boys and girls in this sample.


Conclusion :


The Beery VMI 6th

full form can be used for evaluating Thai primary school

children, however, further study regarding the VMI norm among Thai children should be


done. According to the current study there should be three age groups; 6 -7 years


11 months, 8-9 years 11 months, and 10-12 years 11 months.


Article Details

How to Cite
Pattanapotikul, T., Singhakant, S., & Phattharayuttawat, S. (2015). Visual-Motor Integration of Primary School Children in Bangkok. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 60(3), 169–180. Retrieved from
Original Articles