Prevalence and Factors Associated with Depression among Children and Adolescents with ADHD at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital

  • Ratchaneewan Pansri Department of Psychiatry , Faculty of Medicine , Chiang Mai University
  • Chawanun Charnsil Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University
Keywords: ADHD; depression; prevalence; associated factors

Abstract

Objective : To study the prevalence and factors associated with depression among children and adolescents with ADHD at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital.

Method : The research is conducted as a cross-sectional study in children and adolescent who were diagnosed ADHD by DSM-5 criteria between the ages of 7-17 who received treatment at the Children and Adolescent Psychiatric Out-patient Unit, Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital from August 2019 - August 2020. The general information questionnaire, the Thai version of children depression inventory (CDI), and the Thai version of patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) were used for evaluation. The population characteristics data was then analyzed by percentage, median, and factors associated with depression in children and adolescents with ADHD by using multivariate logistic regression analysis.

Results : Depression was found in 41 children and adolescents with ADHD (32.3%) from 127 participants. 20 patients had mild depression (15.7%), 9 patients had moderate depression (7.1%) and 12 patients had severe depression (9.4%).GPA was found to be significantly associated with depression among children and adolescents with ADHD (p = 0.008).

Conclusion : Children and adolescents with ADHD experience depression more frequently, especially in children who have low academic performance. The prevention, screening and treatment of depression in children and adolescents with early attention should be considered to reduce the cost of long-term treatment and improve the quality of life of children and adolescents with ADHD in the future.

 

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Published
2021-06-29
How to Cite
Pansri, R., & Charnsil, C. (2021). Prevalence and Factors Associated with Depression among Children and Adolescents with ADHD at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital. ournal of the sychiatric ssociation of hailand, 66(2), 107-122. etrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JPAT/article/view/246030