Depression Among Students in Major of Health Science

  • กรรณิการ์ กาญจนสุวรรณ คณะสาธารณสุขศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยขอนแก่น
Keywords: Depression, Students, Health Science


Objective : To examine the prevalence and factors associated with depression among students from a major of health science.

Method : This study was a cross-sectional analytical study. The data was collected from 172 students from a major of health science by questionnaire and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) Thai Version. Descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression were both used to analyze the data and to uncover the relationship of the factors that contribute to depression.

Results : In accordance with the last equation, in which the impacts from all related factors were controlled, the factors holding significant association (p-value < 0.05) with depression among the health science students has been Arguing with boyfriends or girlfriends (ORadj = 3.74, 95% CI = 1.30 – 10.78) Having difficulty sleeping (ORadj = 3.97, 95% CI = 2.00 – 7.89) and Having family conflicts (ORadj = 3.8, 95% CI = 1.56 – 9.25). In addition, the students were found to have had a high rate of depression 45.3% (95% CI = 37.99 – 52.91).

Conclusion : Depression among students is a serious mental health condition that can lead individuals to commit suicide. In order to inhibit the risk of depression, it is advised that caring and love be presented among family members. Therefore, it is of crucial importance that the university conduct trainings on the prevention of depression and how responsive measures can be undertaken. It is important for the university to also conduct depression screening at least one time per semester. The students, who are observed to have comprehensive depression symptoms, should be referred to psychiatrist for professional consultation. These measures should help to prevent depressive, incidences of self-assault, and suicidal acts.



Download data is not yet available.


1. World Health Organization. Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: global health [Internet]. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 2017 [cited 2019 Aug 1]. Available from: › iris › handle › WHO-MSD-MER-2017.2-eng.pdf
2. World Health Organization. Depression [Internet]. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 2017 [cited 2019 Aug 1]. Available from:
3. Sittisaman S. Boost their mental immunity to prevent depression [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 Aug 10]. Available from:
4. Wongrajit K. Department of Mental Health is concerned about depression among Thai youths, attentive listening is important for them [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 Aug 10]. Available from:
5. Fata Nahas A, Elkalmi RM, Al-Shami AM, Elsayed TM. Prevalence of Depression Among Health Sciences Students: Findings From a Public University in Malaysia. J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2019; 11: 170–175.
6. Hamasha AH, Kareem M, Alghamdi S, Algarni S, Alahedib S, Alharbi A. Risk indicators of depression among medical, dental, nursing, pharmacology, and other medical science students in Saudi Arabia. Int Rev Psychiatry 2019; 31: 1369-1627.
7. Kaewkanta P, Rungreangkulkij S. Prevalence of Depression In Higher Education Students In Chiangrai Province. Nursing Journal 2015; 42: 48-64.
8. Ruanjai T, Krittiyapichartkul N, Wongnuch P, Kawdounglek V. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Depression among Public Health Students, Mae Fah Luang University. Lampang Medical Journal 2016; 37: 9-15.
9. Chantra C. Stress Depression and stress management of 1st year student of bachelor degree of Public Health program, Sirindhorn College of Public Health Phitsanulok. The 10th Hatyai National and International Conference; 2019 Jul 12-13; Hatyai: Hatyai University; 2019. p.1492-1504.
10.Thongbang P. Predictive Factors That Influence Depression Amongst Sirindhorn College of Public Health Suphanburi. Journal of Yanasangvorn Research Institude 2019; 10: 27-36.
11. Hsieh YF, Bloch AD, Larsen DM. A simple method of sample size calculation for linear and logistic regression. Stat Med 1998; 17: 1623-1634.
12. Limsricharoen K, Handee N, Chulakdabba S. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression in Second to Sixth Years Medical Students, Faculty of Medicine in Thailand. J Psychiatr Assoc Thailand 2014; 59: 29-40.
13. Lotrakul M, Sumrithe S, Saipanish R. Reliability and validity of the Thai version of the PHQ-9. BMC Psychiatry 2008; 8: 46-52.
14. Mukhtar F, Hashim HA. Relationship among depression, self-efficacy, and quality of life among students in medical and allied health sciences. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences 2010; 6: 53-60.
15. Vatanasin D, Hengudomsub P, Vatanasin S, Asarath T, Chupan S, Srisopa P. Factors Predicting Depression among Health Science Students. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University 2015; 23: 46-62.
16. Ibrahim MB, Abdelreheem MH. Prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical and pharmaceutical students in Alexandria University. Alexandria Journal of Medicine 2015; 51: 167–173.
17. Bresolin JZ, Dalmolin G de L, Vasconcellos SJL, Barlem ELD, Andolhe R, Magnago TSB de S. Depressive symptoms among healthcare undergraduate students. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2020; 28.
18. Bampi LN da S, Baraldi S, Guilhem D, Pompeu RB, Campos AC de O. Nurse undergraduate students’ perception of quality of life. Rev Gaucha Enferm 2013; 34: 125–132.
19. Alves T. Depression and anxiety among medical students. Rev Med 2014; 93: 101-105.
20. Mesquita AM, Lemes AG, Carrijo MVN, Moura AAM, Couto DS, Rocha EM, et al. Depression among students of health courses at a university in Mato Grosso. Journal Health NPEPS 2016; 1: 218-230.
21. Amarasuriya SD, Jorm AF, Reavley NJ. Prevalence of depression and its correlates among undergraduates in Sri Lanka. Asian J Psychiatr 2015; 15: 32-37.
22. Sombuthom S. The Causal Factors Influencing Depression of Mahasarakham University’s Students. Mahasarakham: Mahasarakham University; 2009.
23. Ahmadi J, Maharlooy N, Alishahi M. Substance abuse: Prevalence in a sample of nursing students. Journal of Clinical Nursing 2004; 13: 60–64.
24. Peltzer K, Pengpid S. Depressive symptoms and social demographic, stress and health risk behaviour among university students in 26 low, middle and high income countries. Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2015; 19: 259-265.
25. Ashraful Islam M, Yun Low W, Ting Tong W, Wan Yuen CC, Abdullah A. Factors Associated with Depression among University Students in Malaysia: A Cross-sectional Study. In: The 2nd International Meeting of Public Health 2016: Public Health Perspective of Sustainable Development Goals: The Challenges and Opportunities in Asia-Pacific Region; 2016; KnE Life Sciences; 2016, p. 415–427.
26. Dagnew B, Dagne H, Andualem Z. Depression and Its Determinant Factors Among University of Gondar Medical and Health Science Students. Northwest Ethiopia: Institution-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2020; 16: 839–845.
27. Baglioni C, Spiegelhalder K, Nissen C, Rieman D. Clinical implications of the causal relationship between insomnia and depression: how individually tailored treatment of sleeping difficulties could prevent the onset of depression. EPMA J 2011; 2: 287–293.
28. Weaver MD, Vetter C, Rajaratnam SMW, O’Brien CS, Qadri S, Benca RM, et al. Sleep disorders, depression, and anxiety are associated with adverse safety outcomes in healthcare workers: A prospective cohort study. J Sleep Res 2018; 27.
29. Foundation NS. Depression and Sleep [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 May 12]. Available from:
30. Cheung T, Wong SY, Wong KY, Law LY, Ng K., Tong MT, et al. Depression, Anxiety and Symptoms of Stress among Baccalaureate Nursing Students in Hong Kong: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2016; 13.
31. Rawat R, Kumar S, Manju L. Prevalence of depression and its associated factors among medical students of a private medical college in south India. Int J Community Med Public Health 2016; 3: 1393-1398.
32. De La O-Vizcarra M, Pimentel-Nieto D, Soto-Maldonado BA, De La O-Vizcarra TJ, Quintana-Vargas S. Frequency and risk factors for adolescent depression. Pediatr Mex 2009; 11: 57–61.
33. Haj-Yahia MM, Zoysa P. Rates and psychological effects of exposure to family violence among Sri Lankan university students. Child Abuse Negl 2008; 32: 994–1002.
34. Abraham RR, Zulkifli FM, Fan FS, Xin GN, Lin JI. A report on stress among first year students in an Indian medical school. South East Asian Journal of Medical Education 2009; 3: 78-81.
35. Ngasa SN, Sama CB, Dzekem BS, Nforchu KN, Tindong M, Aroke D, et al. Prevalence and factors associated with depression among medical students in Cameroon: a cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry 2017; 17: 216-232.
How to Cite
กาญจนสุวรรณก. (2021). Depression Among Students in Major of Health Science. ournal of the sychiatric ssociation of hailand, 65(4), 343-354. etrieved from