Depression among parents of children and adolescents psychiatric patients at Songkhla hospital

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Objective : To determine the prevalence and associated factors of depression among parents of  children and adolescents psychiatric patients at Songkhla hospital.

Method : A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 136 patients with psychopathology aged  2-18 years old and their parents who attended child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic at Songkhla hospital during 15 February-15 March 2020. Demographic of parents and their children together with illness history were collected. Thai version of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to assess the prevalence of depression in parents.

Result : 24 of 136 parents (17.6%) of children and adolescents psychiatric patients had depression. Most of the parents were female (N=131, 96.3%) with the mean age of 40.7 years, and most of them were mother of the patients (88.2%). The mean age of the patients was 10.4 years. Logistic regression analyses indicated that the statistically significant risk factors associated with depression in parents are: intellectual disability in patients (adjusted OR = 5.54, p = 0.005), and borderline to dull normal IQ in patients (adjusted OR = 5.91, p = 0.015).

Conclusion : The prevalence of depression among parents of children and adolescents psychiatric patients was 17.6%, and associated factors were intellectual disability and borderline to dull normal IQ in patients.

 Keywords : depression, parents, child and adolescent psychiatric patients, associated factors

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How to Cite
SUWANNO, P. (2021). Depression among parents of children and adolescents psychiatric patients at Songkhla hospital. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 65(3), 289–300. Retrieved from
Original Articles


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