Attitude toward Depression in Thai Population
Objectives : This study aimed to examine the attitudes toward depression in each region of
Thailand and the factors associated with each attitude.
Methods : This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Thai population aged
18 year and over. The Depression Stigma Scale was first translated into Thai, and then
distributed via Google Form. This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Thai
population aged 18 and above. The questionnaire was translated into Thai and distributed
online via Google Form. It was divided into two sections: the first section surveyed demographic
data such as age, sex, hometown and years of education, and the second section was the
Depression Stigma Scale, which was further divided into two parts – personal stigma for
depression and perceived stigma for depression. Then, the demographic characteristics were
analyzed, and the score differences between each region compared. The correlations between
correlating socio-demographic data and the scores of each question item were compared
using multivariate regression analysis.
Results : The total number of respondents was 977, of which the majority was women (80.2%),
living in the central region of Thailand (51.59%). It was found that perceived stigma for
depression was higher than personal stigma. Each region was different in terms of the content
of attitudes and stigmas, and the highest level of stigma was found in the western region.
Higher levels of negative stigma were associated with male gender, younger age, no experience
with patients with mental illnesses, and higher educational level.
Conclusion : The contents of the public relation campaigns should be adapted to suit the
culture and beliefs in each region, and the target groups should be men, younger people,
people with no experience or familiarity with patients with mental illnesses, and people with
higher educational level.