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Introduction: The Explanatory Model can be used to conceptualize health care systems, disease and illness that can be related to health belief, culture, experience and health behavior. The main objective of this study was to determine the explanatory model of asthma for the perspective of patients. Method: For process of data collection, this study used a qualitative method. A purposive sampling technique was used to select 21 asthma patients and 12 caregivers from May to September 2010. In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were used to elicit data from key informants. Result: Patients and caregivers use asthma symptoms to name asthma disease in local language. Patients belief that weakness of the lungs, pollutants and humidity cause asthma. Patients describe asthma symptom such as coughing, stingy phlegm, wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and diffculty speaking. Patients belief that asthma causes death so they have health-seeking behavior for treatment both mainstream and alternative medicine. Some patients hold hot stones or sit beside an open fre for relief as an alternative treatment without using medication. Conclusion: The explanatory model of asthma from the patient’s perspective is based on experience and belief, although they all got information about the disease from health care providers.
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