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Mulberry (Morus alba Linn.), a herbal medicinal plant to a member in the Moraceae family, has been used in Thai traditional medicine as perspiration drug, hepatoprotective, and nephroprotective agents. M. alba is a source of several phytochemical compounds such as alkaloids, flavonoids, and stilbenoids. The scientific reported the pharmacological activities of M. alba for its anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-hyperlipidemic, and hypoglycemic activities. Interestingly, mulberroside A is the major bioactive compound in M. alba which possessed pharmacological activities including anti-viral, anti-oxidant, anti-tyrosinase, and anti-inflammatory activities. Because of good pharmacological activities of M. alba, it suggests a potential for further studying and developing as alternative medicines or health supplement products. This article reviews the reports of M. alba on pharmacological activities, chemical compounds, and toxicity aspects for further research study.
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