Main Article Content
This research aimed to evaluate changes in self-efficacy, support and intention to implement consumer protection of health products and then define the factors affecting intention and follow up on implementation. Methods: This was a pre-experimental research model based on a one-group pretest-posttest design with a 5-day training intervention program. The participants consisted of 78 public health executives who completed a self-administered questionnaire before and after the training program. Self-efficacy, support and intention were scored out of five. Changes in the outcomes were analyzed by descriptive statistics and paired–t tests were used to compare means. A multiple logistic regression model was used to examine the association of the significant variables. Results: Before the training program, the participants perceived their self-efficacy at a moderate level (Mean 2.88, SD 0.58) with acknowledgement of network support at a low level (Mean 2.50, SD 0.81). Participants’ intent to implement consumer protection was at a higher level (Mean 3.80, SD 0.65). After training, the participants had higher levels of support (Mean 3.57, SD 0.71) and planning to implement consumer protection of health products (Mean 4.35, SD 0.55). The mean scores of the self-efficacy perception, the support acknowledgement and intention were significantly higher after training (p value <0.001). The intention of superior level in self-efficacy after interventions was 5.13 times higher than that of the inferior (p value 0.010, 95 % CI was 1.48 to 17.86). Moreover, the previous intention of volunteers possibly aimed to conduct that implementation after the intervention. After training for 3 months, 23.08% of volunteers conveyed such knowledge and skill to their routine work. Conclusions: It was found that the training program could help develop self-efficacy, the consideration of network support and the intention to implement consumer protection of health products. Self-efficacy and previous intent before attending the training program were significantly associated with the intention. The training helped some participants to increase effective implementation in the district area.
In the case that some parts are used by others The author must Confirm that obtaining permission to use some of the original authors. And must attach evidence That the permission has been included
Ajzen I. The Theory of Planned Behavior. Organ behav decis process 1991; 50: 179-211.
Ampant P. Situations, Problems, and Model Development for Radio Broadcasting Advertisement of Health Products in Sisaket Province. J Health Sci 2015; 24 (6):1060-1069.
Bandura, A. (1986). The explanatory and predictive scope of self-efficacy theory. J Soc Clin Psychol, 4, 359-373.
Booddawong B, Yoongthong W. Community Empowerment in the Management of the Problems on Inappropriate Drugs and Health Products: Case Study of Nonkhun District, Sisaket Province. TJPP 2016; 8 (2): 331-343. (in Thai)
Cazacua S, Rotsiosa K, Moshonas G. Consumers’ Purchase Intentions towards Water Buffalo Milk Products (WBMPs) in the Greater Area of Thessaloniki. Procedia Econ. Financ. 2014, 9: 407 – 416.
Food Safety Mobile. The Situation of Food and Health Products Safety at the Distribution Store (Region) Preliminary Results of chemical and Microbial Analysis in the Fiscal Year of BE. 2562 (2018).
Hinsui J, Sriring P. Training Needs and Abilities in the Implementation of Consumer Protection Relating to Health Products at the District Level of Thailand. IJPS 2020; 16 (1): 26-36. (in Thai)
Karnwareetip S, Surawichai A, Ruanta Y. Health consumer protection officers’ perspective toward the problems and the mechanism of consumer protection involving health products in upper northern Thailand. Mahidol Univ J Pharm Sci 2016; 43 (2), 63-67. (in Thai)
Keat OS. Factors Influencing Consumer Purchase Intention of Dietary Supplement Products in Penang Island. Universiti Sains Malaysia, Research report in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Business Administration, 2009.
Khonroochinnapong K, Pennapa Sriring P, Muadthong S. Assessment of Knowledge, Attitudes and Skills of the Participants in a Training Course for Competent Officials to Implement Consumer Protection Relating to Health Products at the District Level of Thailand. JHSCPH 2019; 2(1): 91-107. (in Thai)
Pennapa Sriring. A Model of Factors Promoting Calcium Consumption for Osteoporosis Prevention. Doctor of Philosophy Thesis in Pharmacy and Health System, Graduate School, Khon Kaen University, 2014.
Poonaovarat N, Kanjanarach T. Job Performance and Attitudes of Health Personnel at Sub District Health Promoting Hospitals toward Health Consumer Protection: A Case Study of Chaiyaphum Province. IJPS 2013; 9(1):160–165. (in Thai)
Praboromarajchanok Institute for Health Workforce Development. Consumer Protection Training Program for Competent Officials at District Area. Sponsored by Food and Drug Administration. Bangkok, 2017.
Preechathaveekid S. Hfocus. 2016 Dec 02 [Online]. [Cited 2019 Sep 30]. Available from: https://www.hfocus.org/content/2016/12/13087 (in Thai)
Pundech A. A Study of Potential and Training Needs for The Health Product Consumer Protection in The District. Sponsored by Food and Drug Administration. Bangkok, 2016. (in Thai)
Royal Thai Government Gazette Volume 134, Episode 64 Kor. (2017). Ministerial Regulations for Government Departments, Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Public Health, BE 2560 (2017). Announced on 8 June 2017. (in Thai)
Royal Thai Government Gazette Volume 135, Episode 54 Kor. (2018). Ministerial Regulations for Government Departments, Office of the Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Public Health, BE 2560 (2017). Announced on 9 March 2018. (in Thai)
Ruenruay S, Saokaew S. Situation of Medicines and Dietary Supplements in the Health Provider Board Region 3. TJPP 2017, 9 (1): 225-235. (in Thai)
Samatcha. The 4th Mati of Organizing Illegal Advertisement of Medicines, Food and Health Products on Radio, Television and on Internet (2012 Feb 4) [Online]. [Cited 2019 Sep 30]. Available from: https://www.samatcha.org/sites/default/files/7res5_food%26drug_advertising.pdf (in Thai)
Scott JE. Self-Efficacy: A Key to Literacy Learning. Reading Horizons 1996, 36; 195-213.
Sooksriwong C, Sermsinsiri V, Chanto S, et. al. Literature Review and the Situation of Consumer Protection in Health System, Faculty of pharmacy, Mahidol University, Thailand; 2012. (in Thai)
Sriviriyanuparp W and Kulsomboon V, Priority. Prevalence and Geographic Distribution of Unsafe Products in Thailand. 2016, HSRI 10 (1): 65-79. (in Thai)
Thai Food and Drug Administration. Consumers Empowerment Network. [Online]. [Cited 2019 Oct 10]. Available from: http://pca.fda.moph.go.th/en/project_detail.php?id=656 (in Thai)
Thai PBS NEWS. The Exit: Beautiful Risk “Sibutramine” 19 May 2018 [Online]. [Cited 2019 Sep 30]. Available from: https://news.thaipbs.or.th/content/272310 (in Thai)
Thailand Ministry of Public Health. Health product consumer protection law, N.P., 2013. (in Thai)
Wang X, Pacho F, Liu J, Kajungiro R. Factors Influencing Organic Food Purchase Intention in Developing Countries and the Moderating Role of Knowledge. Sustainability 2019, 11: 1-18