Mental health literacy: concept and application for mental health problem prevention in older adults
Keywords:mental health literacy, older adults, mental health problem, prevention
Objective This article presented a literature review of the concept and application of mental health literacy for mental health problem prevention in older adults.
Methods International electronic databases of PubMed and Scopus, and National electronic databases of the Thai-Journal Citation Index (TCI) were used for searching research and literature in the recent ten years (2010-2019). The keywords of “mental health literacy” and “older adults” were used for searching research and literature relating to the concept and application of mental health literacy for mental health problem prevention in older adults.
Results The results illustrated that mental health literacy embraced six components as follows: 1) the ability to recognize specific disorders or different types of psychological distress, 2) knowledge and beliefs about risk factors and causes, 3) knowledge and beliefs about self-help interventions, 4) knowledge and beliefs about professional help available, 5) attitudes which facilitate recognition and appropriate help-seeking, and 6) knowledge of how to seek mental health information. There are very few studies and limited evidence that show the effectiveness of applying the concept of mental health literacy to prevent mental health problems in older adults.
Conclusion According to this article, we recommended that conducted to obtain empirical evidence of the effectiveness of applying the concept of mental health literacy to mental health-promoting. Providing programs to prevent mental health problems in older adult’s age groups.
World Health Organization. Mental health of older adults. Geneva: World health organization; 2017.
Thangkratok P, Vararuk A, Silawan T, Piaseu N. Role of nurses in implementing chronic care model in subdistrict health promoting hospital. Science, Engineering and Health Studies. 2019; 13:83-92. [in Thai]
Thangkratok P. The role of the nurse in the chronic disease management. Songklanagarind Journal of Nursing. 2017;37:154-9.
Thangkratok P, Petchsuk R, Keinwong T, Trainattawan W, Thatdee P, Boonpradit P. Care management model for older adults with chronic diseases in community. Royal Thai Navy Medical Journal. 2020;47:234-48. [in Thai]
Kleebthong D. Depression among older people in rural Thailand. Sundsvall: Mid Sweden University; 2018.
Jorm AF, Korten AE, Jacomb PA, Christensen H, Rodgers B, Pollitt P. Mental health literacy: a survey of the public’s ability to recognise mental disorders and their beliefs about the effectiveness of treatment. Med J Aust. 1997; 166:182-6.
Reavley NJ, McCann TV, Jorm AF. Actions taken to deal with mental health problems in Australian higher education students. Early Interv Psychiatry. 2012;6:159-65.
Tonsing KN. A review of mental health literacy in Singapore. Soc Work Health Care. 2018;57:27-47.
Jorm AF. Mental health literacy: public knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders. Br J Psychiatry. 2000;177:396-401.
Farrer L, Leach L, Griffiths KM, Christensen H, Jorm AF. Age differences in mental health literacy. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:125.
Piper SE, Bailey PE, Lam LT, Kneebone II. Predictors of mental health literacy in older people. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2018;79:52-6.
Namdej N, Phongsakchat P, Sangournpak O. Mental health literacy among senior high school students in Saraburi Province. Journal of Nursing and Education. 2018;11:125-38. [in Thai]
Kim YS, Lee HY, Lee MH, Simms T, Park BH. Mental health literacy in korean older adults: a cross-sectional survey. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. 2017;24:523-33.
Inchaithep S, Puasiri S, Punsawat M, Thungmepon P, Robkob W. Development of mental health literacy indicators for the public. Boroma-rajonani College of Nursing, Uttaradit Journal. 2018;10:97-109. [in Thai]
Kaewprom C, Yuthavisut S, Pratoom L, Boontum A. Mental health literacy among village health workers a case study of two sub-districts in Kloong, Chantaburi. Journal of Health Science Research. 2014;8:10-6. [in Thai]