Development of Attempted Suicide Prevention Model in the Community, Hod District, Chiang Mai Province

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Tawich Keawprasurt

Abstract

ABSTRACT


Objective: To develop and evaluate the effectiveness of the suicide attempt prevention model in the community.


Methodology: This action research  collected 100 samples consisting of:  1) 20 participants with a history of suicide attempt, 2) 30 volunteers for home visits, 3) 30 community leaders or health leaders, and 4) 20 family members of individuals who had attempted suicide. Data were collected between January and December 2021 using multiple data collection methods in conjunction with personal data record forms. The data were analyzed using percentage, mean and deviation statistics, individual interviews, and group interviews.


Results: The result revealed a model  for preventing suicide attempts in the community and family participation consisting of 1) Evaluating the situation and assessing the problem of suicide attempts in the area with community leaders and voluntary volunteers; 2) Developing the capacity of home-visiting leaders and volunteers by providing knowledge about continuing care at home to relatives or caregivers; 3) Visiting the homes of individuals with a history of attempted  suicide and assessing depression; 4) Returning information and providing feedback to the community. It was found that  suicide attempts dropped from 51 in 2020 to 44 times in 2021. No repeat suicide attempts occurred in 2021. Those with a history of suicide attempts had their depression assessment scores (9Q) reduced, and treatment was discontinued in 15 people, (75%)


Conclusion: The community suicide attempt prevention model may effective in preventing suicide attempts.

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Original article (นิพนธ์ต้นฉบับ)

References

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