Development of Attempted Suicide Prevention Model in the Community, Hod District, Chiang Mai Province

Main Article Content

Tawich Keawprasurt



Objective: To develop and evaluate the effectiveness of the suicide attempt prevention model in the community.

Methodology: This action research  collected 100 samples consisting of:  1) 20 participants with a history of suicide attempt, 2) 30 volunteers for home visits, 3) 30 community leaders or health leaders, and 4) 20 family members of individuals who had attempted suicide. Data were collected between January and December 2021 using multiple data collection methods in conjunction with personal data record forms. The data were analyzed using percentage, mean and deviation statistics, individual interviews, and group interviews.

Results: The result revealed a model  for preventing suicide attempts in the community and family participation consisting of 1) Evaluating the situation and assessing the problem of suicide attempts in the area with community leaders and voluntary volunteers; 2) Developing the capacity of home-visiting leaders and volunteers by providing knowledge about continuing care at home to relatives or caregivers; 3) Visiting the homes of individuals with a history of attempted  suicide and assessing depression; 4) Returning information and providing feedback to the community. It was found that  suicide attempts dropped from 51 in 2020 to 44 times in 2021. No repeat suicide attempts occurred in 2021. Those with a history of suicide attempts had their depression assessment scores (9Q) reduced, and treatment was discontinued in 15 people, (75%)

Conclusion: The community suicide attempt prevention model may effective in preventing suicide attempts.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Original article (นิพนธ์ต้นฉบับ)


Coordinating Committee for Public Health in Hod district. Annual report of Chiang Mai. Chiang Mai: Public Health in Hod District; 2020. (in Thai)

Mental health work. Annual report of mental health in Hod Hospital, Hod District. Chiang Mai: Hod Hospital; 2020. (in Thai)

Saenjairak K. The moment of suicide: a phenomenological study of the suicide attempters [Thesis]. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University; 2009. (in Thai)

Kotcharaksa N, Inchaithep S. Development of attempted suicide prevention model by community participation process Lampang Province. RTNNMD journal 2020;47(2):447-63. (in Thai)

Phonmeesak J, Pansila W, Phakanon P. Developing a model of participation in surveillance and care for people with depression and suicide risk in case study of Ban Tap Tao, Nam Kham Yai Subdistrict, Mueang District, Yasothon Province. Mahasarakham Hospital Journal 2015;2(1):31-40. (in Thai)

Phutchong C, Yothasamut J, Jaroenchookiatkij W, Tosanguan K, Khampang R, Teerawattananon K, et al. Development and evaluation of communication interventions to prevent suicidal attempts; Phrase l. Nonthaburi: Health Intervention and Technology Assessment Program (HITAP); 2011. (in Thai)

Prateeptheeranan W. Suicide rate and factors related to suicidal behavior at Chao Phraya Yommarat Hospital in Suphanburi Province. JPNMH 2014;28(3):90-103. (in Thai)

Penglia Y, Tippunya S, Puksorn K, Likasitdamrongkul W, Thanee S, Luprasong S. Application of community participatory programs for suicide prevention: a case study at Jarim Sub-district, Tha-Pla District, Uttaradit Province. J Ment Health Thai 2018;26(3):184-96. (in Thai)

Pattamawerin R. Suicide: the social and cultural phenomena [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2021 Oct 14]. Available from

Charoensri H, Khiewyoo J. Suicide risk prevalence and factors related to suicidal risk among people in Ban Tak District, Tak Province. KKU Research Journal 2017;17(3):77-93. (in Thai)

Malarut W, Chiamdhamrus O, Lhomsri C, Promsena S, Eiwpa S, Kajai K. Study report: the suicide problem in the community of Chiang Rai Province. Chiang Rai: Mental Health Center 10; 2014. (in Thai)