The Prevalence and Risk Factors of Diabetic Foot Ulcer in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Primary Care Setting in Trang Province


  • Rapeepun Thungtak Faculty of Physical Therapy, Saint Louis College


Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Foot Ulcer, Peripheral Neuropathy, Peripheral Artery Disease


This cross-sectional study was conducted with the following objectives: 1) to study the prevalence of different risk levels of diabetic foot ulcer, and 2) to study the association of risk factors for diabetic foot ulcer. The research methods employed are evaluation of foot conditions, peripheral neuropathy and peripheral artery disease tests, and classification of risk levels of diabetic foot ulcer. The research data were then analyzed using frequency counts, percentages, averages, and analysis of Chi-square tests. The research findings show that the risk levels of diabetic foot ulcer among 165 patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and an average age of 63.62 years are as follows: 30.90% have low risk level, 35.80% have moderate risk level, and 33.30% have high risk level. The relationship between the risk factors of diabetic foot ulcer in female patients, who have had diabetes mellitus for more than 10 years, and the occurrence of peripheral neuropathy, peripheral artery disease, and foot deformity is statistically significant at p<0.05. It can be concluded that the majority of the research population, 69.10%, are at risk of developing diabetic foot ulcer. Therefore, such patients should be given advice on proper foot care and should later be referred to a specialist doctor.


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How to Cite

Thungtak, R. (2023). The Prevalence and Risk Factors of Diabetic Foot Ulcer in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Primary Care Setting in Trang Province. Journal of Health and Health Management, 9(2), 230–241. Retrieved from



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