Relationship between Personal Factors and Positive Psychology on Health Literacy among the Elderly People of the Mon Tribe in Thailand


  • Pensri Hongpanich Division of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Pathumthani University


personal factors, positive psychology, Health Literacy, Mon elderly


This study is basically a survey that aims at determining the relationship between personal factors, positive psychology and health literacy among the elderly Mon people of Thailand. This survey was participated by 232 respondents who were chosen based on the Simple Random Sampling without Replacement Method. Data were collected by distributing a questionnaire (to determine personal factors such as: gender, marital status, occupation, monthly income, and existing disease); Positive Psychology Questionnaire (to determine how positive the respondents are in terms of their psychology); and Health Literacy Questionnaire (determine the level of health literacy of the research participants). The reliability of the last two instruments were at 0.86 and 0.89, respectively. The relationships of the variables were analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Chi-square.

The research results show that the mean scores of the respondents’ health literacy and positive psychology are at a high level ( r= 3.70, 3.96, and SD = .33, .37, respectively). Results also show that while personal factors appear to have no significant relationship to the participants’ health literacy, computation between positive psychology and health literacy however shows otherwise. In fact, correlating the data on the said variables appear to be statistically significant at 0.05 level as r registers at 0.45 (p < .05). These results suggest that to develop health literacy among the Mon elderly, it may be sensible to start by promoting positive psychology among them.


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How to Cite

Hongpanich, P. . (2021). Relationship between Personal Factors and Positive Psychology on Health Literacy among the Elderly People of the Mon Tribe in Thailand. Journal of Health and Health Management, 7(2), 115–128. Retrieved from



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