Psychology of Job Burnout and Stress Management


  • พรรณราย ทรัพยะประภา คณะศิลปศาสตร์ วิทยาลัยเซนต์หลุยส์


stress management, psychology, job burnout


The purpose of this article was to present the significance of job stress and burnout which means prolonged physical, emotional and mental exhaustion or failure from jobs and careers that affect one’s job, and interpersonal relationship in the workplace, combined with doubts about one’s competence and values of one’s work. It has been mainly applied to middle-age persons performing at a high level until stress and tension occurred. It is also a reaction to work stress resulting in such behaviors as apathy, emotional exhaustion, withdrawal and refusal to perform any kinds of work. Besides, it is occupationally- related stress syndrome, found among many helping professions, such as doctors, nurses, psychologists, teachers, as well as waiters and waitresses in the hotels, restaurants, dining rooms, supermarkets, or in the airplanes. Job stress and burnout can be characterized by a triad of symptoms: emotional exhaustion, cynicism, and loss of self–efficacy.

Job stress and burnout seem to be closely related to each other. The difference can be seen that stress involves too many pressures that demand too much on something. Small amount of stress can be characterized as motives of behavior. Whereas burnout, caused by excessive and prolonged stress can produce hopelessness, reduce one’s productivity, and energy, leaving feeling of increasingly hopeless, helpless, cynical, and resentful and lose the interest or motivation that led him to take on a certain role in the first place.

Herbert J. Freudenberger (1926-1999) a German-American Psychologist and Psychotherapist was the first one who used this term in his first book, called “Staff burnout” in 1974. He stated that burnout can be divided into 11 phases, which are not necessarily followed sequentially. Warning signs and symptoms of burnout are also included, which should be paid more attention: physical, emotional and behavioral, caused by work-related, lifestyle and personality traits of that individual.

Job burnout in organizations can be improved by closed cooperation among managers and workers in the aspects of work load, control system, rewards, fairness, values and community relationships. Burnout prevention, coping and strategies of burnout recovery also presented which can be applied in everyday life.


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How to Cite

ทรัพยะประภา พ. (2014). Psychology of Job Burnout and Stress Management. Journal of Health and Health Management, 1(1), 24–39. Retrieved from



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