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The Quasi-experimental research with two groups pretest - posttest and follow-up design aimed to examine the effects of the recurrent stroke prevention behavior program among post stroke patients. The study samples were 58 post stroke patients living in Lat Krabang District and divided into the experimental group (n = 28) and the comparison group (n = 28). The experimental group received the program applying Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model. The program consisted of providing knowledge of warning signs, and health effects of recurrence stroke, learning from good model, practicing exercise as well as food selection skills while the comparison group received conventional nursing care. Data related to personal information and preventive behavior of recurrent stroke were collected by interviewed questionnaire. The preventive behavior questionnaire was tested for validity and internal consistency reliability with content validity index of .82 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of .72. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, independent t-test, and repeated measure ANOVA.
The research results revealed that after intervention and in follow-up period, the mean score of preventive behavior of recurrent stroke in the experimental group were significantly higher than before and those in the comparison group (p-value < .05). This study concluded that the recurrent stroke prevention behavior program could improve skills that further modifying eating habits, exercises, as well as medication compliances, and doctor visit among post stroke patients. Therefore, it is supported the use of this program to prevent recurrent stoke in post stroke patients and to promote preventive health behavior in people with a risk of stroke further.
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