Comparison of the number of walking steps, pulmonary and physical performance in elderly with and without metabolic syndrome
Keywords:metabolic syndrome, walking, pulmonary performance, physical performance, elderly
The aim of this experimental study is to compare the number of walking steps per day, pulmonary function test and physical fitness parameters of elderly with and without metabolic syndrome (MetS). The sample consisted of 48 older persons (aged > 60-year-old) were divided into two groups as non-MetS group (n=24) and MetS group (n=24). Outcome measures included 1) average steps/day was calculated from a pedometer for seven consecutive days at baseline, 2) pulmonary function test was evaluated by spirometer (including forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)), 3) physical fitness was measured such as body composition, flexibility, muscular strength, and cardiorespiratory endurance. The data were analyzed by Student Paired t-test and Chi-square test. The results found that steps/day, FVC and FEV1 in the MetS group were significant differences compared with non-MetS group (p<0.05). The physical fitness between both groups had no statistically significant difference Thus, the evaluation of pulmonary function test and physical fitness should be done in elderly without MetS. It may help to decrease the risk of developing MetS.