Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Caused by Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Infection in Children: A Case Report and Literature Review
Keywords:end-stage renal disease, hemolytic uremic syndrome, mycoplasma pneumoniae, thrombotic microangiopathy
We describe the case of a 6-year-old boy with a Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) respiratory tract infection associated with thrombotic microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia with renal failure which was diagnosed as atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. Renal biopsy showed features of thrombotic microangiopathy. The patient was treated with azithromycin for the M. pneumoniae infection, and supportive care with red cell transfusion and renal dialysis in the acute period. The microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia resolved within 2 months after diagnosis but the renal function damage was irreversible. The patient developed end-stage renal disease and required long term renal replacement therapy.
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