Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life among Thai People with Coronary Heart Disease: A Preliminary Study

Authors

  • Kanthima Meesoonthorn Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkla, 90112, Thailand
  • Kittikorn Nilmanat Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkla, 90112, Thailand
  • Umaporn Boonyasopun Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkla, 90112, Thailand
  • Cathy Campbell Department of Acute & Specialty Care, University of Virginia School of Nursing, P.O. Box 800782, Charlottesville, VA 22908-0782, United States.
  • Jeongok Logan Department of Acute & Specialty Care, University of Virginia School of Nursing, P.O. Box 800782, Charlottesville, VA 22908-0782, United States.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31584/jhsmr.2021845

Keywords:

coronary heart disease, health-related quality of life, predictors factors, preliminary study

Abstract

Objective: To examine the prediction of severity of illness, health promoting behaviors, cardiac self-efficacy, and acceptance of illness on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Thai people with coronary heart disease (CHD) in Thailand.

Material and Methods: A cross-sectional design was used. A quota sampling was used to recruit 110 people with CHD, who met the inclusion criteria, from 20 selected hospitals across Thailand. Five self-reporting questionnaires were used: a demographic data questionnaire, Thai version of MacNew HRQOL, Thai version of Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile- II, Thai version of Cardiac Self-Efficacy Scale Questionnaire, and the Thai version of Acceptance of Illness Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, a point-biserial correlation or a bivariate Pearson’s correlation and multiple stepwise regression analyses.

Results: One hundred and ten people were included. Most of the participants were men (64.5%) with an average age of 62.07 9.98 years. Most of them (76.4%) were best categorized as class I under the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) classification system. The findings showed that 46 percent of the variance (adjusted R2=0.46) for HRQOL was explained by being CCS class I (β=0.22, p-value<0.010), cardiac self-efficacy (β=0.41, p-value<0.010) and acceptance of illness (β=0.35, p-value<0.010). Health promoting behavior was a non-significant predictor of HRQOL (β=0.10, p-value=0.260).

Conclusion: The results support the severity of illness, cardiac self-efficacy, and acceptance of illness in explaining HRQOL among people with CHD. Therefore, nursing interventions that are suitable for the severity of the disease, and aimed at boosting cardiac self-efficacy and acceptance of illness should be considered to enhance HRQOL.

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Published

2021-10-21

How to Cite

1.
Meesoonthorn K, Nilmanat K, Boonyasopun U, Campbell C, Logan J. Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life among Thai People with Coronary Heart Disease: A Preliminary Study. J Health Sci Med Res [Internet]. 2021 Oct. 21 [cited 2023 Jan. 28];40(4):367-78. Available from: https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jhsmr/article/view/257716

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Original Article