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Background: High-energy photons produced from a medical linear accelerator (LINAC) have long been used as one of the most effective ways for treating cancers. During the treatment process, some photo neutrons are unavoidably created by [γ,n] reactions, imposing additional and undesirable dose on a patient. This amount of unplanned dose from photo neutrons can potentially harm the patient as well as medical personnel during the treatment. This study is aimed to develop a methodology for measuring fast neutron dose generated from 10 MV LINAC by employing polycarbonate from base material of compact disk (CDs) and a fast neutron converter.
Materials and methods: The polycarbonate base layer of CDs has been applied to fast neutron dosimetry with nuclear track method by combining with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) converter for fast neutrons. A number of CDs badges were irradiated with high energy photon from 10 MV Elekta Synergy LINAC in the solid water phantom at depth of 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 15 and 20 cm then etched with potassium hydroxide ethanol water (PEW) solution that containing with potassium hydroxide, ethanol and water with ratio of 15:45:40. The optimal condition for the chemical etching were found at 60±2 °C, for 14 hr.
Results: Comparison of neutron equivalent doses from measurement of CD track detector and CR-39 track detector has shown that the maximum fast neutron dose equivalent was at depth of 5 cm of phantom. This agreement has confirmed that the CD track detector can be employed to measure fast neutron doses produced from LINAC in an accurate and affordable fashion.
Conclusion: It is confirmed that the CD track detector can be employed to measure fast neutron doses produced from LINAC in an accurate and affordable fashion.
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