The correlation between motor proficiency and working memory of Thai school-aged children

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Peeradech Thichanpiang
Anuchart Kaunnil
Veerawat Sansri
Surachart Thongchoonsin
Kannika Permpoonputtana


Background: Motor proficiency encompasses both gross and fine motor skills while cognitive abilities include language, attention, memory, and executive functions that are gradually being developed in a period of life span during childhood. Currently, there is only indirect evidence linking motor proficiency and specific working memory performance.  

Objectives: Purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between motor proficiency and working memory in Thai school-age children grades 1-4.

 Materials and methods: One hundred and fifteen children were randomly recruited from a primary school in the Bangkok metropolitan area. Bruininks-Osteretsky Test of Motor Proficiency 2 Short Form (BOT-2 SF) was performed to test motor proficiency. The specific working memory ability was assessed by digit span forward and backward, and visuomotor construction.

Results: There was a significant correlation between motor proficiency and working memory in Thai school-age children grades 1-4 (r=0.51, p<0.001).

Conclusion: The current study indicated that motor proficiency and working memory were significantly correlated. Therefore, the link between school-aged children’s motor proficiency and working memory may provide clarity regarding the connection of these abilities in children to guide curriculum development or appropriate interventions in a school setting.


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Thichanpiang, P., Kaunnil, A. ., Sansri, V. ., Thongchoonsin, S. ., & Permpoonputtana, K. . (2020). The correlation between motor proficiency and working memory of Thai school-aged children. Journal of Associated Medical Sciences, 54(1), 10–16. Retrieved from
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