The Situation, Effects, and Methods of Self-Protection from the Use of Pesticides in Thailand
The Situation, Effects and Self-Protection from the use of Pesticides in Thailand
Keywords:สารเคมีกำจัดศัตรูพืช เกษตรกร ผลกระทบต่อสุขภาพ ผลกระทบต่อสิ่งแวดล้อม การป้องกันอันตรายต่อสุขภาพ
In Thailand, there has been a continuing increase in importing pesticides used in agriculture. Unsafe use of pesticides is potentially hazardous to agricultural workers which ranges from acute and chronic health conditions. Pesticides can contaminate crops and agricultural products, thereby affecting consumer health and leaving residues in the environment. Additionally, pesticides can have negative effects on the life cycle of plants and animals and can accumulate in food chains. To efficiently prevent adverse effects from pesticide use, supply chain management (from upstream to downstream) should be implemented. The government should forbid and ban toxic pesticides, improve law enforcement, and implement environmental management measures to reduce contamination. Also, surveillance of pesticide-related illness, and health screening should be implemented promptly.
Thus, the situation of pesticide use, adverse effects, and health prevention should be acknowledged in order to define efficient measures. Information on pesticide health and safety (before, during, and after use) should be promoted among agricultural workers. In particular, pesticide safety should be addressed in national action plans, and intersectional collaboration should be applied to integrate pesticide management and control the adverse effects of pesticide use sustainably among Thai agricultural workers.
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