The Effects of Learner Development Based on VARK Learning Approach on Creativity and Achievement of Nursing Students
Keywords:learning style, creative tninking, achievement
This research was Quasi-Experiment to study the effect of teaching management according to learning style for the ability to develop creative thinking and academic achievement of nursing students. The objectives of this study were 1) to study the VARK learning characteristics of first year nursing students, 2) to compare the scores of creative before and after the development of learners by creating a set of knowledge linking games and mind mapping of anatomy. and physiology 3) to compare the mean achievement scores before and after Developing students by creating a set of games to link knowledge and mind mapping anatomy and physiology subjects. The poupulation were 130 first year nursing students selected by purposive sampling. The samples were divided into two groups of 65 people each to be the experimental groups. Games and group 2 used a mind mapping learning style, a research tool as a measure of creativity. The Learning Characteristics Assessment Scale (VARK) and the Anatomy and Physiology Achievement Scale. Our instruments were validated with the content validity of .76 and reliability of .74 using Kuder-Richardson KR20 method. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and an independent t-test. The results showed the differences in VARK learning styles: Group 1 was Visual (V) = 31.11%, Aural (A) =31.11%, and Group2 was Aural (A) = 32.65% and Kinesthetic (K) = 30.61 % . The results also showed that while the pre-experiment creative thinking of the two sample groups was different (t=2.38, p = .019), there was no statistical difference after the experiment (t=.716, p=.475). In terms of academic achievement, there was no difference before and after the experiment (t = 1.292, p= .199). We concluded that the VARK-based learning approach had effects on creative thinking but not academic achievement. Assessment of previous learning experience is valuable in determining the impact of learning outcome for education management.
Amabile, T.M. (1996). Creativity and innovation in organization. Harvard Business School Background Note 396-239, January 1996.
Amaniyan, S., Pouyesh, V., Bashiri, Y., Snelgrove, S., &Vaismoradi, M. (2020). Comparison of the conceptual map and traditional lecture methods on students’ learning based on the VARK learning style model: A randomized controlled trial. SAGE Open Nursing. 6(1–9). Retrieved 1 August 2022 from https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Brahmawong , C. (2019). Guidelines for educational development for Thailand 4.0 to Thailand 5.0 by the education reform council of the people's sector, 2019. Journal of Educational Technology and Communication, 16(1), 1-15. [In Thai].
Butchui , P. (2019). The transition from innovation 4.0 to the use of educational innovation 5.0 must adhere to the principle of participation. Nonthaburi: Office of Educational Technology Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University. [In Thai].
Charoenwongsak, K. (2010). Creative thinking (8th ed.). Bangkok: Success Media Co., Ltd. [In Thai].
Chitrakorn, A. (2017). Development of collaborative teaching and learning management that uses techniques for solving problems in the future. To promote creativity in graphic design for teaching materials of undergraduate students Faculty of Education Silpakorn University. Silpakorn University Journal, 37(1), 23-41. [In Thai].
Chularut, P. (2018). Learning management for learners in Thailand 4.0 Era. Veridian E-Journal, 11(2), 2363-2377. [In Thai].
Devakul, N. (2016). Creative thinking. E book . Bangkok: Office of the Civil Service Commission. Retrieved 1 August 2022 from https://www.ocsc.go.th/ . [In Thai].
Fleming, N. & Bonwell, C. (2019). How do I learn best? A student’s guide to improved learning (2nd ed.). New Zealand: VARK Learn Ltd.
Hanmongkolpipat, P. (2018). Minutes of the 9th National and international Hat Yai academic conference on teaching and learning in game format. Songkhla : Hat Yai University. [In Thai].
Hong-rui, Z., Hui, Z., Hua, Z., Hong-yu, Z., Feng-jing W., Hong-hua, G.,&Cai-hong, Z. (2018). The preferred learning styles utilizing VARK among nursing students with bachelor degrees and associate degrees in China. Acta Paul Enfer, 31(2), 162-169.
Janepanish V., & Disorntatiwat , P. (2015). Learning styles of nursing students Ramathibodi Nursing School Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital Mahidol University. Journal of Nursing Ministry of Public Health, 25(1), 70-82. [In Thai].
Nakasan, N., & Nakasan, C. (2010). Game: Innovation for creative education. Rompruek Journal Krirk University, 34(3), 160-179. [In Thai].
Office of Higher Education Policy and Planning. (2018). Long-term higher education strategy for the next 20 years (2018-2037). Piyawang Graphics Co., Ltd. [In Thai].
Patitat, P. (2016). Systematic and creative thinking. Bangkok: O.S. Printing House Co., Ltd. [In Thai].
Phonan, K., & Phonan, T. (2007). MIND MAP with education and knowledge management. Bangkok: PS Printing and Design Co., Ltd. [In Thai].
Pissachart, N., Techasatian, K., Juthamanee, S., & Leelakraiwan, C. (2018). Learning styles of nursing students Faculty of Nursing Shinawatra University, Police Nursing Journal,10(1), 173-179. [In Thai].
Ruggiero, V. R. (1999). Becoming a critical thinker (3rd ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Satraphart, D. (2015). Creativity. Journal of Health and Health Management, 1(1), 10-22. [In Thai].
Sinlarat, P. (2019). Transforming innovation 4.0 to innovation education 5.0 must adhere to the principle of participation. Retrieved 1August 2022 from https://mgronline.com/qol/detail/9620000033966. [In Thai].
Soontornnon, P., & Natthaphatwirata , R . (2022). Media-based reality learning and VARK learning model using the brain as a base. Education Journal Naresuan University, 24(3), 347-359. [In Thai].
Suklim, R., & Tiantong, M. (2017). Analysis of learning styles of undergraduate students of King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok according to VARK learning style using C4.5 algorithm tree diagram analysis. NCCIT 2012 The eight national conference on Computing and Information Technology, 416-427. [In Thai].
Tewakul, N. (2017). Creative Thinking. Retrieved 1 August 2022 from http:/pirun.ku.ac.th/agrpct2/lesson1/creative_thinking.html. [In Thai].
The Announcement of the Ministry of Education on Qualification Standards of. Bachelor Degree Level in Nursing Science, B.E. 2560. (2017). Retrieved 23July 2022 from http://www.mua.go.th/users/tqf. [In Thai].
Wattanakul, B., Ngamkham, S., & Ngamwongwan, K. (2018). Differences in learning styles of nursing students. Journal of Health Science Research, 10 (1), 54-56. [In Thai].
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.