Determinants Associated with Physical Activity Levels and Sedentary Behaviors among Secondary-School Students Aged 14-15 Years in Khon Kaen City Municipality, Khon Kaen Province
Keywords:Physical Activity Levels, Sedentary Behavior, Secondary-School Students, Garbage Collectors Municipality
Overweight/obesity in adolescence is considered a main health problem in Thailand, particularly in urban area. Secondary-school students in Khon Kaen city municipality had the prevalence of overweight/obesity about 27.6%. Strategies to reduce overweight/obesity is to increase physical activity (PA) and to decrease sedentary behavior (SED). However, there is not enough information available at this time to support successful PA promotion among teenagers in the secondary school years. The aim of this study was to examine the PA levels/SED and its determinants among secondary-school students in Khon Kaen city municipality. The participants were 384 secondary-school students aged 14-17 years with gender equally. They were requested to report the number of hours and minutes spent on PA/SED during weekdays and weekend days separately for the last 7 days by using the validated self-questionnaires. Results showed that, participating in organized sports, using active travel to-and-from school were associated with increased moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA; mins, p < .05). Boys participated similar in average minutes of daily MVPA in both weekday and weekend to girls (p > .05). Both genders, SED time on weekend was significantly longer than that on weekday, students aged 17 years had the highest time spent in SED (p < .01) compared to participants in all other age groups. While BMI classes had no role in their time spent in PA and SED (p > .05). This study can be concluded that determinants of PA and SED in secondary-school-aged students were gender, age, types of day, participation in sporting events, and school travel modes. Therefore, local and school administrators, health professionals should develop more effective strategies to increase PA and reduce SED in secondary-school students, and consider these factors as a main direction.
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