The Development of Elderly Caring Guideline for Caregivers in Tamnak Tham Subdistrict, Nong Muang Khai, Phrae Province.
Keywords:The Elderly Caring Guideline, Caregiver, Tamnak Tham Subdistrict, Phrae Province
The research and development aimed to: 1) develop the Elderly Caring Manual and multimedia and 2) examine the effectiveness of the Elderly Caring Manual and multimedia. The research had four processes as: 1) Research : R1 analyze problems and needs of caring for the elderly. 2) Development : D1 design and develop the elderly caring guideline for caregivers. 3) Research : R2 implement the elderly caring guideline. 4) Development: D2 evaluate the elderly caring guideline. The study sample who participated in the first process of analysis were 166 caregivers and in the third process were 43 caregivers who participated in the process of implementation. The research sample were stratified sampling. The research instruments comprised of six parts: 1) the caregivers’ problems and needs survey which had CVI = 0.71, 2) the Feasibility evaluation, 3) the Elderly Caring Manual and multimedia which were validated content by five specialists, 4) the caregivers’ knowledge which had CVI = 0.78 and reliability = 0.84, 5) the caregivers’ skills which had CVI = 0.78 and reliability = 0.89, and 6) the caregivers’ 0.78 and reliability = 0.81. The research process consisted of 2 phases. The first phase which developed and tailored the Elderly Caring Manual and multimedia and examined the effectiveness index (E.I.), process effectiveness (E1), and outcome effectiveness (E2).The second phase which examined the achievement of the Elderly Caring guideline and multimedia. Using Paired-sample T Test to compare the elderly caregivers’ knowledge mean scores before and after utilizing the Elderly Caring guideline and multimedia . Also,The user's satisfaction was analyzed with mean and standard deviation. The research results revealed that 1)he caregivers reported they need knowledge about disease and food care for the elderly, exercise, emergency assistance, and the necessary procedures. 2) The guideline which have developed includes: caring for the elderly with disease, food for the elderly, emergency symptoms and first aid, exercise, oral hygiene, accident
and prevention, and excretion care. The multimedia includes: tepid sponge, wound dressing, exercise, perineum care, and massages. 3) The elderly caring guideline and multimedia had E.I.= .51, E1 and E2 = 82.17/82.53, respectively. 4) Comparing to before using the guideline and multimedia, the elderly caregivers had significantly higher levels of knowledge and skills after they studied and used the guideline and multimedia (p = .01). Also, their satisfaction regarding to the guideline and multimedia was in high level (X= 4.30, SD=.40). This research result indicates that this is an effective guideline which practical fits and friendly access with this context in order to enhance elderly caregivers’ competencies to take care of elderly people.
Buakanok, P. J. (2015). Development of multimedia
media to promote skills and understanding of
volunteers in elderly health care in the municipality
of Lampang Province. Area Based Development
Research Journal, 7(5), 70-89. [In Thai].
Jareonkul, P. (2011). Self-care of the elderly. Bangkok:
first Aid and Health Training Center, The Thai
Red Cross. [In Thai].
Klinkhajon, P. (2014). Multimedia design and creation:
scripting for undergraduate students. VRU
Research and Development Journal Science and
Technology, 9(3), 44-50. [In Thai].
Komindr, S. Sangpitak, W. Keanoppakun, M.,
& Srisomphan, K. (2020). Development of
multimedia on mechanisms of labour for nursing
students. Nursing Journal of The Ministry of
Public Health, 30(2), 136-149. [In Thai].
Kuankid, P. (2020). Elderly care for caregivers.
Bangkok: Chulalongkorn Hospital, Thai Red
Cross Society. [In Thai].
Lee, WW, & Owens, DL. (2004). Multimedia-based
instructional design: computer-based training,
web-based training, distance broadcast training,
performance-based solutions. San Francisco:
Malithong, K. (2005). Technology and communication
for education. Department of Teaching
Curriculum And educational technology.
Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University. [In Thai].
Meungpaisarn, W. (2017). Primary care for elderly
patients. Bangkok: Thai Gerontology and Medicine Association. [In Thai].
Ministry of Interior. (2019). Information of the department of elderly affairs. Bangkok: Department of
Provincial Administration. [In Thai].
Muangsakul, W. (2015). Developing the potential of
the elderly living alone with the concept of
power. Journal of social research, 38(2), 93-112.
National Statistical Office. (2018). Survey of elderly
population in Thailand 2017. Bangkok: National
Statistical Office. [In Thai].
Office of Health Promotion Fund. (2018). Self-care of
the elderly. Retrieved 20 May 2019 from https://
www.thaihealth.or.th/Content/40299. [In Thai].
Panssuwan K, Sangjak N. (2014) Developing of computer assisted instruction on perineorrhaphy for
nursing students. Journal of Nursing and Health
Sciences, 8(3), 38-47. [In Thai].
Phromwong, C. (2013). Media or teaching suite
performance testing. Journal of Silpakorn
Education and Research, 5(1), 5-20. [In Thai].
Prasartkul, P. (2018). Situation of the Thai Elderly
Bangkok: Printing company Limited
October. [In Thai].
Prasartkul, P, Thaweesit S, and Chuanwan S. (2019).
Prospects and contexts of demographic transitions
in Thailand, Journal of Population and Social
Studies (JPSS), 27(1). 1-22. [In Thai].
Riyaphan, H. (2011). Website development at Sala
Phumkhao Bhon, Sukhothai Thammathirat
Open University. Nonthaburi: Office of Continuing
Education, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open
University. [In Thai].
Salvo, S. (2017). Geriatric Massage: Research Report.
Retrieved 18 March 2020 from https://massage
Songkram, N. (2011). Design and development of
multimedia for learning. (2nd Ed.). Bangkok:
Chulalongkorn University. [In Thai].
Srichusin A., Satiman A. (2012). Online social network
behavior of students bachelor's degree in faculty
of Education in public universities. Report from
the National Academic Conference on E-Learning
Online learning integration Asian Community:
Policies and processes. Nonthaburi: Hall 9
Impact Muang Thong Thani 2012: 204-211.
Tamnak Tham Subdistrict Administrative Organization.
(2019). Population data in Tamnaktham
Subdistrict. Phrae: Sub-district Administration
Office Tamnatham. [In Thai].
Yodphet, S. (2020). Long-term care in communities and
families model in Long-term care of the elderly.
Nonthaburi: Health System Research Institute
(HSRI). [In Thai].
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.