Effects of social support before cardiac catheterization program on anxiety and readiness among patients with coronary artery disease

Authors

  • Suphakit Krueaklat คณะพยาบาลศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยนเรศวร
  • Chommanard Wannapornsiri Faculty of Nursing, Naresuan University
  • Somluk Tepsuriyanont Faculty of Nursing, Ubon Ratchathani University
  • Pongpun Jittham Faculty of Medicine, Naresuan University

Keywords:

Social Support, Cardiac Catheterization, Anxiety, Readiness

Abstract

The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to study the effects of a social support before cardiac catheterization program on anxiety and readiness among patients with coronary artery disease. The sample were patients with coronary heart disease undergoing cardiac catheterization who were admitted to the Cardiology Ward at Naresuan University Hospital, Phitsanulok, Thailand. A total of 50 patients were recruited, 25 patients were assigned into the control group, who received routine nursing care, and 25 patients were assigned into the experimental group, who received the social support before cardiac catheterization program. The research instruments were the social support before cardiac catheterization program, anxiety assessment form for cardiac catheterization and readiness assessment form for cardiac catheterization. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistic, paired t-test, and independent t-test.

The findings showed that the patients’ anxiety in the intervention group after receiving the social support before cardiac catheterization program was significantly lesser than before receiving the program (p<.001) and less than those in the control group (p<.001). The patients’ readiness in the intervention group after receiving the Social Support Before Cardiac Catheterization Program was significantly higher than before receiving the program (p<.001) and higher than those in the control group (p<.001). The research showed that the Social Support Before Cardiac Catheterization Program can be applied in providing care of patients with coronary heart disease undergoing cardiac catheterization to decrease their anxiety and to promote their readiness for cardiac catheterization.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Boonchuwong, O., Saneha, C., Pinyopasakul, W., &

Nilanont, Y. (2017). Factors influencing readiness

of caregivers of patients with stroke before

hospital discharge. Journal of Nursing Science,

(3), 46-57. [In Thai].

Buranasrikul, V. (2013). Effect of information and

emotional support on anxiety among caregivers

of brain tumor patients (master's thesis). Bangkok:

Chulalongkorn University. [In Thai].

Charoenwuttimakorn, P. (2012). Factors related to

preparedness for caregiving among caregivers

of patients with ischemic stroke. Master Thesis,

Burapha University,Chon Buri. [In Thai].

House, J.S. (1981). Work Stress & Social Support.

Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley.

Lueboonthavatchai, O. (2013). Mental Health and

Psychiatric Nursing (5th Ed.). Bangkok: V. Print.

[In Thai].

Ministry of Public Health. (2019). Coronary heart

disease situation. retrieved 13 September 2021

from https://ddc.moph.go.th/uploads/files/108

pdf.

Naekaew, N. (2017). Stress, Anxiety and Nursing of

acute myocardial infarction patients in cardiac

intensive care units. Siriraj Medical Bulletin,

(2), 103-108. [In Thai].

Panuthai, S. (2014). Factors affecting readiness for

hospital discharge among older persons. Nursing

Journal, 41(4), 150-160. [In Thai].

Pattanajak, C., & Ruaisungnoen, W. (2018). Effect of

preparatory information on anxiety and procedural

adherence among patients undergoing coronary

angiogram. Journal of Nursing Science & Health,

(3). 10-19. [In Thai].

Poncharoen, P., Samartkit, N., & Keeratiyutawong, P.

(2015). Factors related to discharge readiness in

patients with congestive heart failure. Nursing

Journal of the Ministry of Public Health, 25(2),

-143. [In Thai].

Ponpermpoonthawee, K. (2012). The outcomes of

knowledge providing pattern through media for

patients receiving gastrointestinal endoscopy

preparation at the tertiary level hospital in

Suphanburi province. Master Thesis, Christian

University, NakhonPathom. [In Thai].

Prateepmanowong, J., Chouyboon, S., & Nareumanphokin

N. (2019). Nursing care for patients undergoing

transradial cardiac catheterization: case study.

Thai Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Nursing, 30(2),

-14. [In Thai].

Ritklar, L. & Piyayota, D. (2019). Effects of clinical

nursing practice guideline for nursing care of

patients with coronary artery disease: Undergone

coronary angiography on complications and

anxiety levels in medical unit, Thammasat

University Hospital. Nursing Journal, 46(4),

-157. [In Thai].

Rungpradubvong, V. (2015). Coronary artery disease.

In Suankratay, C.,Uaprasert, N., Suwanpimolkul,

K., & Jutiworakul, K. (Ed.), Textbook of internal

medicine (p. 314-358). Bangkok: Chulalongkorn

University Printing House. [In Thai].

Sitthisook, S. (2014). Guideline for ischemic heart

disease in Thailand,revised edition (2nd ed.).

Bangkok: The Heart Association of Thailand

under the Royal Patronage. [In Thai].

Sornda, K., Pinyopasakul, W., Pongthavornkamol, K.,

&Chotnoparatapat, P. (2015). Factors predicting

anxiety in coronary artery disease patients before

cardiac catheterization. Vajira Nursing Journal,

(1), 19-32. [In Thai].

Srisathidnarakul, B. (2010). The methodology in nursing

research. Bangkok: You and I Intermedia.

[In Thai].

Sukonthasarn, A., & Kuanprasert, S. (2015). Evolution in

cardiovascular medicine. Chiang Mai: trick think.

[In Thai].

Tepsuriyanont, S., Sayasathid, J., Tangpanyawong, C.,

& Putim, S. (2020). Effect of social support

combined with guided imagery program on

preoperative anxiety among heart surgery

patients. Thai Journal of Cardio-Thoracic

Nursing, 31(1), 109-123. [In Thai].

Toawarrakul, D., & Jaisoaudee, R. (2018). Development

of information transfer model for patients

undergoing cardiac catheterization in Nakornping

Hospital. Journal of Nakornping Hospital, 9(1),

-38. [In Thai].

Tongjan, P., Namvongprom, A., & Pakdevong, N. (2015).

Anxiety, satisfaction, and complication in patients

receiving nursing practice guideline for coronary

angiography. Journal of Nursing and Health

Care, 33(1), 34-40. [In Thai].

World Health Organization. (2018). World health

statistics 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018

from https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/

gho-documents/world-health-statistic-reports/6-

june-18108-world-health-statistics-2018.pdf.

Yooyen, L. (2016). The effect of informational and

emotional support program on uncertainty in

illness of coronary artery disease patients

undergoing percutaneous cardiac catherization.

Master Thesis, Christian University, NakhonPathom.

[In Thai].

Downloads

Published

2021-09-17

How to Cite

Krueaklat ศ., Wannapornsiri ช., Tepsuriyanont ส., & Jittham พ. (2021). Effects of social support before cardiac catheterization program on anxiety and readiness among patients with coronary artery disease. Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences, 15(3), 52–63. Retrieved from https://he01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/NurseNu/article/view/251413