The Perceived Self-efficacy among Elderly People with a Chronic Disease
Keywords:The perceived self-efficacy, Elderly people with a chronic disease, The ability of daily living
The purpose of this descriptive survey research was to investigate the relationship between personal characteristics, health status, activities of daily living and perceived self-efficacy among elderly people with a chronic disease, who come to receive medical treatment services at Koh Hong subdistrict health promoting hospital, Muang district, Nakhon Sawan province. The sample size is obtained from using the G * Power 3.1 program which equals 133 people. They were randomized by purposive sampling. The research questionnaire that validates validity by experts. These respectively questionnaires were tested for reliability by using Cronbach's Alpha coefficient, and rated at 0.84. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and chi-square test. Most of sample were the female 68.4 percent, aged between 60-69 year were 55.6 percent, marriedpeople were 65.4 percent, Primary education were 76.7 percent, Income less than 5,000 baht were 66.9 percent, Having normal BMI were 50.4 percent, Having more than 1 other disease were 69.2 percent, 50.4 percent of the sample has an illness duration of more than 3 years, Mental health illness in normal level were 57.9 percent. The elderly activities of daily living, mainly in the social stick were 95.5 percent. 50.4 percent of the perceived self-efficacy has moderate level. Mental health were significant associated with the perceived self-efficacy (p = .011). Healthcare team personnel should monitor health status of the elderly with chronic diseases by increasing the assessment in mental health is an enhancement of self- efficacy, byorganize groups of friends to help elderly friends to exchange experiences or visit each other.
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