Association between Diabetes Knowledge with Diabetes Self-management in Patients with Type2 Diabetes Mellitus
The present study investigates the association between diabetes knowledge with diabetes self-management. This study was employed in a cross-sectional analytical study from 544 patients with type2 diabetes mellitus at three hospitals, Phetchabun province. Participants were selected by using stratified two-stage cluster sampling from 11 public hospitals who were follow-up in the year 2019. Data were collected by a questionnaire with a self-administered. Multiple linear regression was performed using the R statistical language. A significance level of .05 was used throughout all analysis.
The result shown that the majority of participants had a low level of diabetes knowledge (90.40%), and a high level of diabetes self-management was present in 67.46%. After adjusting for education level, duration of diabetes, and receiving health education by talking face to face in the community, we found that the diabetes knowledge (Adjusted mean difference= 6.38, 95%CI= 2.03 to 10.74; p-value=.016) was a strongly associated with diabetes self-management. Moreover, bachelor and higher education level (Adjusted mean difference= -10.93, 95%CI= -16.03 to -5.83; p-value<.001), duration of diabetes 10 years and higher (Adjusted mean difference= 6.24, 95%CI= 3.01 to 9.46; p-value=. 002), and received health education by talking face to face in the community (Adjusted mean difference= 5.97, 95%CI= 3.33 to 8.62; p-value<.001) were also strongly associated with diabetes self-management.This study demonstrates that diabetes knowledge is associated with the diabetes self-management. Therefore, healthcare personnel should be provided diabetes education intervention for patients who had low levels of diabetes knowledge to improve diabetes self-management for those with low levels.
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