Factors Related to Caring Behaviors among Caregivers of Children with Pneumonia at Hospitals of Zone 5 underthe Ministry of Public Health
Keywords:Caring Behaviors, Perceived severity of pneumonia in children, Perceived barrier of caring behaviors, Pneumonia, Caregivers
Pneumonia inunder 5 year old children is a key public health problem in Thailand. The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to examine caring behaviors and factors related to caring behaviors among caregivers of children with pneumonia. The participants of this study included parents of children with pneumonia aged under five years old who attended the in-patient and out-patient-departments at the following hospitals located in zone 5 of Ministry of Public Health: Ratchaburi Hospital, Samutsakhon Hospital, and Chaophrayayommarat Hospital. The study instruments were composed of three questionnaires about the following topics: 1) the caring behaviors among caregivers of children with pneumonia 2) the perceived severity of pneumonia in children and 3) the perceived barrier of caring behaviors among caregivers of children with pneumonia. The content validity of the questionnaire ofthe caring behaviors among caregivers of children with pneumonia was confirmed to be valid by a panel of experts with, scores of .92. The Cronbach's alpha coefficients of this questionnaire was .80. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The results of this study showed that: 70.7% of the caregivers of children with pneumonia, had a high level score of caring behaviors. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between perceived severity and caring behaviors among caregivers of children with pneumonia (r = .341, p <.01). There was a statistically significant negative correlation between perceived barrier and caring behaviors among caregivers of children with pneumonia (r = -.225, p < .05). This study provides the basic information for pneumonia prevention in the children. This information could be used to improve caring behaviors and to prevent recurrent pneumonia among these children.
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