The Effect of the Nutritional Promoting Program on the Knowledge and Over-nutrition Preventive Behaviors of the Guardians of Primary School Students
Keywords:Nutrition Promotion Program, Over Nutrition, Primary Students, IMB Model
The purpose of this quasi experimental research is to determine the effect of a 12-week Nutritional Promoting Program by comparing the knowledge and preventive behaviors of guardians of students with over-nutrition and by comparing the nutrition status of the students pre and post intervention.The samples were primary school students selected by a purposive inclusion criteria, matched in pairs with their guardians, and divided into experimental and control groups (17 students and guardians for each group). The research tool is comprised of two parts: 1) the experimental tool was a Nutritional Promoting Program based on Fisher and Fisher’s concept; Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model (Fisher and Fisher,1992) 2) the data collecting tool was a questionnaire to assess the food consumption behavior and physical activity behavior. The instruments were tested for reliability and validity; the Kuder and Richardson score of the questionnaire was 0.71 and the Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient was 0.723. Statistical tests used for data analysis were frequency, mean, standard deviation, Paired t-test, Independent t-test and Chi square. The results found were, after the intervention:The knowledge of the guardians of the overnourished students in the experimental group had a significantly higher mean score than before the intervention (p-value 0.05), and was significantly higher compared to that of the control group (p-value 0.05). The weight control behaviors of the guardians of the overnourished students in the experimental group had a significantly higher mean score than before the intervention (p-value 0.05), and it was not significantly different when compared to that of the control group.
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