HIGH-INTENSITY INTERVAL TRAINING: THE EFFECTS OF ACTIVE AND PASSIVE RECOVERY BOUTS ON PHYSIOLOGICAL INDICES IN VARSITY SOCCER PLAYERS
Keywords:HIIT, RAST, Aerobic capacity, Anaerobic capacity, Ventilatory threshold
This study aimed to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training with active or passive recovery on changes in physiological and performance indices in soccer players. Methods: A total of 22 male varsity soccer players were randomly allocated to either an active or passive recovery high-intensity interval training group. The participants in the active group completed5 x 30-sec treadmill running at 105% velocity of peak oxygen consumption with 30 seconds recovery at 60% ventilatory threshold interspersed between bouts. The participants in the passive group completed the same treadmill running protocol but with 30-secpassive recovery (rest) between bouts. Each group repeated their assigned protocol after 180-sec rest (i.e., inter-set rest). All participants performed the protocol twice per week over 6 weeks. Peak oxygen consumption, ventilatory threshold, and running anaerobic sprint test measures were recorded pre- and post-6 weeks of training. Results: There were no significant between-group differences in the change in peak oxygen consumption (difference = 1.40 ml·kg-1·min-1,P=0.319),ventilatory threshold (VT1)(difference = 0.54 ml·kg·min-1,P=0.786), or%HRmax at VT1(difference = 2.19%, P=0.416,d=0.37) after 6 weeks of training. There were also no between-group differences in the change in peak power (difference = 36 W, P=0.271)fatigue index(difference =0.89 W/sec-1,P=0.274) or anaerobic capacity (difference = 274W, P=0.137).A significant difference in the change in average power was noted in the passive versus active group(52 W,P=0.044) during the running anaerobic sprint test. Conclusion: Performing active recovery after high-intensity work bouts result in similar improvements in physiological and performance indices compared with passive recovery in soccer players. However, as the practical significance of outcome measures was not determined, the absence of an effect cannot be completely excluded.
(Journal of Sports Science and Technology 2022; 22 22 (2): 46-60))
(Received: 19 April 2022, Revised: 31 July 2022, Accepted: 9 August 2022)
KEYWORDS: HIIT/ RAST/ Aerobic capacity/ Anaerobic capacity/ Ventilatory threshold
*Corresponding author: Arom TREERAJ
College of Sports Science and Technology, Mahidol University,
Nakhon Pathom,Thailand, 73170,THAILAND
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