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Introduction: Soccer is one of the popular sports in Thailand. Sleep deprivation have found in the players who frequency travel for the game away home which may impair the ability to perform mental and physical tasks. However, there are no data about the effects of sleep deprivation on brain waves, specific soccer skills and moods in collegiate soccer players. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare brain waves, soccer passing skills and moods between normal sleep (CN) and sleep deprivation (SD) condition in collegiate soccer players. Methods: Eleven male soccer players in age range 18-21 years volunteered to participate in randomized crossover design study. Participants were measured resting-eye closed electroencephalogram (EEG) recording, Lounghborough soccer passing test (LSPT) and Thai-Brunel Mood Scale (Thai-BRUMS) at 4.00 pm. after completed each sleep condition; CN (sleep 7 hours) and SD (sleep 10.30 pm.-2.00 am. and keep awake after sleep). Results: Delta waves at midline frontal electrode (Fz), theta waves at Fz electrode, Time taken only of LSPT and fatigue mood were significantly increased in SD condition compared to CN condition (p<0.05). Alpha waves at midline central electrode (Cz), alpha waves at midline parietal electrode (Pz), beta waves at Pz electrode and vigor mood were significantly decreased in SD condition compared to CN condition (p<0.05), whereas there were no significant differences in penalty time, performance time of LSPT and other moods. Conclusion: SD resulted in the partial changes of the brain waves, which indicated drowsiness, decreased alertness and attention. It also found the delayed passing ball which indicated decreased gross motor required to pass the ball. In addition, SD also resulted in the decreased vigor mood and increased fatigue in athletes, indicating a lower power state and the tiredness of athletes following SD. Therefore, the results of this study can be recommended optimal sleep hours for soccer players, especially, SD at the night before the match which can affect losing or winning of the game.
(Journal of Sports Science and Technology 2018; 18(2): 21-34)
*Corresponding author: Amornpan AJJIMAPORN College of Sports Science and Technology, Mahidol University, Nakorn Pathom,Thailand 73170 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
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